Running Header: INTERVENTIONS FOR FUNCTIONING ALCOHOLIC PARENTS
Interventions for Functioning Alcoholic Parents
Many parents in society are functioning alcoholics. These parents are often not looked at as a problem because they maintain jobs, get their children to school. However, the impact they have on their family live is horrendous can become very damaging. These parents need an intervention just as much as any other alcoholic. They may appear to be functioning but their lives are just as impacted by the addiction as others. The following paper will include a literature review, that will review and discuss the existing research related to this topic, current trends in interventions and treatment, and a new design of an intervention, treatment and aftercare to address a solution for functioning alcoholics.
Researching many different approaches to different interventions, it was profound that this isn’t a new topic for research many different studies were easily found on subject. Holder (2007), summarizes the state of knowledge concerning various strategies to prevent alcohol-involved problems. This study laid out the specific goals of alcohol prevention. The goals being 1) to delay or prevent the onset of use and 2) to reduce the likelihood that alcohol-related problems will occur in the future. Holder states that rehabilitation cannot take place unless there is a clear goal in the mind of the patient. Humans are prone to delaying gratification and this makes it hard to continue to work on rehabilitation if there is not a tangible reward at the end of the effort (Holder 2007)
Michael R. Frone (1994) had an interesting take on the subject of substance abuse. He holds that a working-family will have more conflict resulting in a higher risk for substance abuse. He finds that it is is a potential stressor because it represent a threat or impediment to self-identification. He continues with his thoughts that people are threatened when their self images are damaged by impediments to self-identifying activities. This making the whole process a never ending cycle. The parent must work, work causes stress, the parent becomes a substance user to deal with the stress. The result of his study did suggest a potential relationship between woman's work-family conflict and increased substance abuse, in particular, heavy alcohol consumption (Frone 1994).
Another thing to consider when looking for cause and effect is the environment in which a person lives. The United States ranks 18th in the world in terms alcohol consumed per capita (Bucholz 1989). Sixty four percent of Americans drink alcohol. When looking at these numbers it isn't surprising that alcohol abuse and dependence to be the most common of all mental disorders (Bucholz, K 1989).
A factor that is often not considered is the biological effect of alcoholism. Marlatt, (1989) describes the genetic factors of alcoholism. He suggests that alcoholism is in fact a disease and it can be put into a cycle from generation to another. However, the cycle can be stopped and doesn't have to contribute to the next generations being effected by inherited alcoholism. Thru successful rehabilitation the cycle can end. Marlatt says just knowing you are risk due to genetics is a step into escaping the disease and stop from passing it on. Marlatt, also takes in consideration the environmental factors of alcoholism and why it may go from generation to generation because of the different patterns it makes in lives of those directly effected by alcoholism (Marlatt 1989).
Studies of the relationship between alcohol and violent injury confirm that while there is some evidence of a direct pharmacological association, many other factors are relevant to the frequency and severity of both violent perpetration and being a victim of violence. It is now widely recognized that official police statistics are a poor indicator of the nature and extent of...
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Heather, N. (2001). Brief interventions. International handbook of alcohol dependence and problems (pp. 605-626). New York, NY US: John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Retrieved from PsycINFO database.
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Moyer, A., Finney, J., Swearingen, C., & Vergun, P. (2002). Brief interventions for alcohol problems: A meta-analytic review of controlled investigations in treatment-seeking and non-treatment-seeking populations. Addiction, 97(3)
Room, R., Babor, T., & Rehm, J. (2005). Alcohol and public health. The Lancet, 365
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