TABLE OF CONTENTS.
1. Carpentry: Definition, types of joints used in carpentry. 2. Joinery: Definition, and types of joints used in joinery. 3. Differences between carpentry and joinery.
4. Finishes In carpentry and joinery.
5. Define furniture design.
6. New trends in furniture design.
Definition: Carpentry is the art that makes use of timber in the building to construct building components, such as window frames, doors, stairs, trusses and frameworks as well as platforms. Or it can be said that it is a skilled trade in which the primary work performed is the cutting, shaping and installation of building materials during the construction of buildings, ships, timber bridges, concrete formwork. Carpenters traditionally worked with natural wood and did the rougher work such as framing, but today many other materials are also used and sometimes the finer trades of cabinetmaking and furniture building are considered carpentry. TYPES OF CARPENTERS
1. A finish carpenter (North America), also called a joiner (a traditional name now rare in North America), is one who does finish carpentry, that is, cabinetry, furniture making, fine woodworking, model building, instrument making, parquetry, joinery, or other carpentry where exact joints and minimal margins of error are important. Some large-scale construction may be of an exactitude and artistry that it is classed as finish carpentry. 2. A trim carpenter specializes in molding and trim, such as door and window casings, mantels, baseboards, and other types of ornamental work. Cabinet installers may also be referred to as trim carpenters. 3. A cabinetmaker is a carpenter who does fine and detailed work specializing in the making of cabinets made from wood, wardrobes, dressers, storage chests, and other furniture designed for storage. 4. A ship's carpenter specializes in shipbuilding, maintenance, repair techniques and carpentry specific to nautical needs in addition to many other on-board tasks; usually the term refers to a carpenter who has a post on a specific ship. Steel warships as well as wooden ones need ship's carpenters, especially for making emergency repairs in the case of battle or storm damage. 5. A shipwright builds wooden ships on land.
6. A cooper is someone who makes barrels: wooden staved vessels of a conical form, of greater length than breadth. 7. A scenic carpenter builds and dismantles temporary scenery and sets in film-making, television, and the theatre. 8. A framer is a carpenter who builds the skeletal structure or wooden framework of buildings, most often in the platform framing method. A carpenter who specializes in building with timbers rather than studs is known as a timber framer and does traditional timber framing with wooden joints, including mortise-and-Tenon joinery; post and beam work with metal connectors, or pole building framing. 9. A log builder builds structures of stacked, horizontal logs including houses, barns, churches, fortifications, and more. 10. A formwork carpenter creates the shuttering and false work used in concrete construction.
JOINTS USED IN CARPENTRY.
1. Butt joints
Butt joints are the easiest of all to make. Wood is nailed or screwed face to edge or ends to edge or dowelled together. End to edge joints can be joined with corrugated fasteners.
2. Mitre joints
Mitre joints are always cut to 45° in a mitre box so that they will form a 90° corner when joined. As no end wood is ever seen these are very neat joints but they are weak. Normally used for picture frames where they are nailed with panel pins. When used for other purposes they must be strengthened with glue blocks, angle braces or loose tongues. Mitre joints should always be glued.
When nailing a mitre joint always start the nail with one part of the mitre above the other. The nails will pull the...
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