Materialism: Pure Science
Intelligent Design: Theology in disguise
Expelled: The Movie
Lynette L. Davidson
Anthropology 354 Essay 2
March 16, 2013
Materialism: Pure Science
The concept materialism as described by the authors of the book Critique of Intelligent Design is “the view that the world is explained in terms of itself…not by invocation of the super natural.”(Foster et al. 2008, p. 19) The idea that nature is caused by natural events and removal of God from the scientific equation was introduced in the third century BCE by Greek scholars including Epicurus. This foundation was the spring board for the age of Enlightenment. In this period Sir Isaac Newton, in spite of his own belief system, furthered the cause of naturalism. (p. 67) In later years, this lead to presentation of the Theory of Evolution by Charles Darwin and the expansion of social science by Karl Marx and Sigmund Freud. Materialism has been accused of reductionism in the extreme. However, materialism is the foundation of non-bias scientific discovery.
Sir Isaac Newton understood the principals of science Epicurus had presented. Even though Newton did claim that God intervened at times he sought out fact and physical based evidence. (p. 68) Newton strived to remove the irrationalities from the Christian faith and replace them with evidence based science. Newton effectively created a God of gaps. (p. 71) Newton’s need for irrefutable proof helped lay pathways for other scientists to search for fact based theories as well.
Charles Darwin followed in the footsteps of Epicurus and Newton in the search of origin without the intervention of divine power. In the movie Darwin Darkest Hours (Nova, 2009) it shows the progression of Darwin as a theology student to Darwin a man of pure science. In 1831Darwin was invited to join the voyage of the Beagle. Especially noteworthy was his trip to Galapagos Islands where Darwin discovered various birds which he thought were different species, when in reality they were all finches. This discovery gave rise to Darwin’s theory of natural selection. This theory led to further research and the development of evolution. However, Darwin continued to work on his theory over the next 20 years. He also feared reprisal for his ideas because they went against the Christian Dogma of the times. Darwin did publish in 1859. (Nova, 2009)
Karl Marx, who was raised with a religious background, struggled with his beliefs due to the inability to find proof and validity of those beliefs. (p. 84) Marx did much study and was made familiar with Bacon, Hegel and others who were naturalists. Marx was quoted in regards to any concept of nature rooted in final causes to be “Barren, and like a virgin consecrated to God, produces nothing.” (p.85) This evolution in thought process showed a distinct need for the scientific process.
In the Early 1900’s Sigmund Freud, “the founder of psychoanalysis”, was also a follower of materialism despite the fact he was raised by parents secure in their own faiths. (p. 131) Freud went so far as to propose that there was a strong correlation between religion and psychosis. He also suggested that man made God in his own image. (p. 133)
Many great minds from various disciplines and eras have all come to the same conclusion. This conclusion is that there is no scientific basis for creationism, or Intelligent Design. Until this is absolute proof of God science must look to know facts and proceed in a pure and un-bias manner.
Intelligent Design: Theology in Disguise
According to the movie by Nova, Intelligent Design on Trial (November 2007) the definition of Intelligent Design by the Discovery institute is presented by Michael Behe. Behe states, “Intelligent design is a scientific theory that proposes that some aspects of life are best explained as the result of design, and that the...
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