Insular Poverty

Powerful Essays
Topics: Poverty
English 102
Insular Poverty
11/3/2012
Nobody wants to be considered to be below the poverty line. Unfortunately, for fourteen percent of the people in this country, that is their reality. Fourteen percent of the people currently living in the United States’ basic needs for food, clothing, and shelter are not being met. Poverty is experienced at different levels in different parts of the country. The causes and effects of insular poverty are experienced differently in rural and urban areas in the United States.
Insular poverty, defined by John Kenneth Galbraith in his 1969 essay The Position of Poverty, refers to groups of people who are poor because the circumstances of their lives trap them in social islands in which nearly everyone is poor. The people of the island have been frustrated by some factor common to their environment. Because Galbraith says that individual people in insular poverty are not responsible for their economic position, it is important to know what the causes of insular poverty are. There is not one specific cause of insular poverty, but many different causes that can become very complex. These causes vary in urban areas and rural areas.
Most of the people in poor, urban communities are ethnic minorities. The poverty rates for African Americans and American Indians are three times higher than for whites (Landon 14). Discrimination against ethnic minorities goes back for hundreds of years. Whether they are discriminated directly or indirectly, such as not being hired for a job because of their race, this discrimination contributes to poverty and other social problems (Landon 14). For example, according to the article, U.S. Incarceration Rates by Race, in 2010, there were almost seven times more African Americans in prison than white Americans. These high incarceration rates contribute to families being split up, children with parents in prison dropping out of school and becoming homeless, and a much more limited access to higher education



Cited: Darity, William A., and Samuel L. Myers. Persistent Disparity: Race and Economic Inequality in the United States since 1945. Cheltenham, UK: E. Elgar Pub., 1998. Print. Powell, John A. Examining the Relationship between Housing, Education, and Persistent Segregation: Final Report. Minneapolis, MN: Institute on Race and Poverty, 1998. Print. Landon, Beth. "Burden of Poverty in Rural America." Policy & Practice 67.5 (2009): 14-16 Place in Poverty Research and Policy, 3 Mar. 2004, Washington DC. N.p.: n.p., 2004 Nov. 2012. <http://www.prisonpolicy.org/graphs/raceinc.html>.

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Satisfactory Essays

    Insular Island

    • 488 Words
    • 2 Pages

    What were the Insular Islands? The Insular Islands were a large group of active volcanic islands that are believed to have existed in the Cretaceous period (145-66 million years ago). They were located somewhere in what is now the modern-day Pacific Ocean. It is thought that they formed at least 210 million years before they met their ultimate fate about 115 million years ago, which will be discussed later. This massive island chain was located between two prehistoric oceans, with the Bridge River…

    • 488 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    insular life

    • 67266 Words
    • 605 Pages

    and Boundary This report comes out annually and covers the performances of The Insular Life Group of Companies which is comprised of parent company, The Insular Life Assurance Company, Ltd., its subsidiaries (Insular Health Care, Inc., Insular Investment Corporation, and Home Credit Mutual Building & Loan Association), and affiliate (Mapfre Insular Insurance Corporation). Data were consolidated from our Insular Life Head Office, as well as from our nationwide offices and subsidiaries. P2…

    • 67266 Words
    • 605 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    INSULAR BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES Case Analysis Time Frame: 1981-1984 Perspective: Top Management: Statement of the Problem: Objectives: Areas of Consideration: Computation: EXHIBIT 1 INSULAR BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES Credit Rating Sheet of APEX Industries RATING FACTORS MAXIMUM POINTS COMPANY SCORE I. Financial Performance 350 A. Profitability Ratios 100 1. Return on equity 35 28 2. Return on assets 30 24 3. Net income margin 20…

    • 764 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    were Johnson’s definition of corrupt leaders. They lied, cheated and stole, they were completely self-interested. They were the highest paid officials and the residents had very high taxes, yet many of them lived below the poverty line. I also believe that these leaders were Insular leaders. They clearly had a line drawn between themselves and the residents. If they saw themselves as one of the residents, or equal to the residents they wouldn’t have committed the crimes they did Johnson, 2012, p. 266)…

    • 515 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Poverty

    • 792 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Position of Poverty In the world we live in today there are only two kinds of poverty as identified by John Kenneth Galbrith in “The Position of Poverty.” Galbrith made a distinction and labeled the distinction as “case poverty” and “insular poverty.” According to Galbrith case poverty is defined as, restricted to an individual and his or her family and often seems to be the caused by alcoholism, ignorance, mental deficiency, discrimination, or specific disabilities. Insular poverty on…

    • 792 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    poverty

    • 748 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Dr. Cappiello English 2 October 10, 2013 Scott Thomas Poverty Poverty in America today, is an unrecognized social dilemma that exists everywhere from the nation's largest cities to the rural back country. As Galbraith noted, "People are poverty-stricken when their income, even if adequate for survival, falls radically behind that of the community.” By this definition, a substantial number of people in America live outside categories regarded as acceptable…

    • 748 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Poverty Vs Poverty

    • 147 Words
    • 1 Page

    Topic: My topic follows the social divide between privilege and poverty. Highlighting the factors that contribute to the difference in economic placement or status and how such a status has led to a culture that breeds mental poverty and mental privilege. In other words, my research centers around what it means to be mentally impoverished and how that has affected our youths. I chose this topic because I believe it’s an important component to understand in order to provide our youths with an…

    • 147 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Poverty

    • 1843 Words
    • 8 Pages

    poverty Poverty is the state of one who lacks a certain amount of material possessions or money.[1] Absolute poverty or destitution refers to the deprivation of basic human needs, which commonly includes food, water, sanitation, clothing, shelter, health care and education. Relative poverty is defined contextually as economic inequality in the location or society in which people live.[2][3] For much of history, poverty was considered largely unavoidable as traditional modes of production were…

    • 1843 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Best Essays

    Poverty

    • 2002 Words
    • 9 Pages

    report focussing on poverty with reference to current policy and educational debate 1.0 Abstract This report aims to explain the effects of poverty on attainment in schools and the wider society: taking into consideration a number of national and local strategies, the causes of poverty and the long term effects on children and young adults. This report will also make recommendations as to what can be done to further reduce poverty in childhood. 2.0 Introduction Poverty is continually discussed…

    • 2002 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Best Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Poverty

    • 322 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Poverty has been a consistent problem throughout history. No matter what the median income, unemployment or overall prosperity level is, there will always be people who are homeless and hungry. Despite being one of the most prosperous countries in the world, the United States is not immune to it either. Even today, there are still people struggling to find shelter, feed their kids and find warm clothing. This social problem has various impacts on different institutions and people. However, there…

    • 322 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays