Honors English IV Period 8-9
17 January 2013
Symbolism in Animal Farm
George Orwell was born in 1903 (“George Orwell”). He joined the Indian Imperial Police force in Burma in 1922 (“George Orwell”). He resigned in 1927 and became a writer (“George Orwell”). He wrote Animal Farm based on Stalin’s betrayal of the Russian Revolution (“George Orwell”). In George Orwell’s 1946 novella, Animal Farm, a political roman á clef, the author disguises farm animals for real people during the Russian Revolution and the author uses satire to illustrate how the communists gained control over the masses.
According to the book, Understanding Animal Farm, “Animal Farm is a political allegory of the history of the Soviet Union” (Rodden xviii). Just as in Understanding Animal Farm, the book Animal Farm: Pastoralism and Politics, it says, “The Political theme of Animals Farm is closely associated with its satiric tone and its form as allegorical fable” (Smyer 25). Both of these books state how Orwell turned his book Animal Farm into a fable against Stalin and the Soviet Union. “Animal Farm shows how fictional rhetorical strategies inevitably led to a pessimistic conclusion contradicting Orwell's own political actions and opinions during the period 1936-46, and attributes that contradiction to the effect of Orwell's chosen literary genre, combining elements of the fable and the fairy tale” (Kirschner). In the early 1900s, the Soviet Union was taking control of its country. The people respected their government and believed everything they said. Orwell was furious because he hated what was happening. Joseph Stalin was the leader of Soviet Russia at the time. The Soviet Union was at its height and Stalin was held in highest esteem in Britain, Orwell’s home country, both among the people and an important social class, named intelligentsia. Orwell hated this fact because of how blind the people were to Stalin’s control.
Orwell couldn’t expose...
Cited: “Animal Farm.” Newspeak Dictionary. Newspeak Dictionary. 2001. Web. 8 Dec. 2012.
“George Orwell.” BBC. BBC, History. 2012. Web. 10 Dec. 2012.
“Joseph Stalin.” BBC. BBC, History. 2012. Web. 11 Jan. 2013.
Kirschner, Paul. “The Dual Purpose of Animal Farm.” Review of English Studies Nov. 2004: 759-786. EBSCOhost Industries. Hazleton Area High School. Hazleton Area High School Library. 10 Dec. 2012.
Orwell, George. Animal Farm. New York, NY: New American Library, 1946. Text.
Rodden, John. Understanding Animal Farm. Westport, CT: The Greenwood Press, 1999. Text.
Smyer, Richard I. Animal Farm: Pastoralism and Politics. New York, NY: Twayne Publishers, 1988. Text.
“Vladimir Lenin.” Biography.com. A+E Television Networks, LLC. 1996. Web. 11 Dec. 2012.
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