THEME: 5 ADJUSTMENTS TO EMANCIPATION, 1838-1876
S.B.A QUESTION: According to the views of Hugh Tinker, East Indian Indentureship 1845-1917 incorporated many of the repressive features of African enslavement, which induced the East Indians to resort to many of the responses and actions of their African counterparts in bondage. With reference to any one British Caribbean colony, to what extent do you support this view?
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Statement of Aim______________________________________________________1
Terms under which indentured servants were bound to labour in comparison to those which bounded the enslaved __________________________________________________5
Conditions faced by the indentured servants in the middle passage in comparison to those faced by the enslaved_______________________________________________________6
Conditions faced by the indentured servants on the plantations in comparison to those faced by the enslaved_________________________________________________________7
Resistance methods by the indentured in contrast to the enslaved_______________8
STATEMENT OF AIM
In this project the reader should have a clear understanding of the similarities and differences between indentureship and enslavement. They should be able to gain a better awareness of the treatment of the enslaved Africans and that of the indentured East Indians. They should be able to derive their own conclusion on whether or not East Indian Indentureship was just a new system of enslavement.
The reason for this topic being chosen was to identify, analyze, interpret and understand the view made by Hugh Tinker that indentureship was just ‘a new system of slavery.’ History encourages the brain to utilize information, whether views
Bibliography: 1. La Guerre, John G., and Ann Marie Bissessar. Calcutta to Caroni and the Indian Diaspora. St.Augustine, Trinidad: School of Continuing Studies,The University of the West Indies, 2005. Print. 4. Shepherd, Verene A. Maharani’s Misery, Narratives of a passage from India to the Caribbean. Mona Kingston 7, Jamaica: University of the West Indies Press, 2002. Print. 5. Tinker,Hugh. A New System of Slavery 1830-1920 The Export of Indian Labour Overseas. U.S.A: The Hansib Publishing Company Limited, London, 1993. Print. 6. Roopnarine, Lomarsh. Indo-Caribbean Indenture: Resistance and Acommodations. Kingston 7, Jamaica: University of the West Indies Press, 2007. Print. 7. Sookdeo, Neil A. Freedom, Festivals and Caste in Trinidad After Slavery: A Society in Transition. Trinidad: Neil A. Sookdeo, 2000. Print. 8. Samaroo, Brinsley, Dr. Kusha Haracksingh, Prof. Ken Ramchand, Gérard Beson, and Dianne Quentrall-Thomas. In Celebration of 150yrs of The Indian Contribution to Trinidad and Tobago. Trinidad: Diane Quentrall-Thomas, 1995. Print. 9. Beckles, Hilary McD and Verene Shepherd. Freedoms Won- Caribbean Emancipations, Ethnicities and Nationhood. United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press, 2006. Print. APPENDIX APPENDIX 1: Table showing the number of Indians imported to the Caribbean, 1838-1917 APPENDIX 2: Cross-section of a coolie ship. 1880 Source: Roopnarine, Lomarsh