Important Articles of the Indian Constitution

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Important Articles of the Indian Constitution:

Indian constitution is the largest constitution in the world it contains originally 395 Articles, 22 parts, and 8 schedule. And presently it has 448 articles, 22 parts, and 12 schedules.
Ø Part 1- Art. 1 to art. 4:
• Art.1- Name and territory of the union.
• Art.2 - Admission and Establishment of the new state.
• Art.3- Formation of new states and alteration of areas, boundaries, and name of existing states.
Ø Part 2- Art. 5 to art. 11:
• Art.5 - Citizenship at the commencement of the constitution.
• Art.6- Rights of citizenship of certain person who have migrated to India from Pakistan.
• Art.10- continuance of rights of citizenship.
• Art.11- Parliament to regulate the right of citizenship by law.
Ø Part 3- Art.12 to art.35
• Art.12- Definition of the state
• Art.13 Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights.
Originally, constitution provided for 7 basic fundamental rights, now there is only six rights, one Right to property U/A 31 was deleted from the list of fundamental rights by 44thamendment act 1978. It made a legal right U/A 300-A in Part XII of the constitution.
Some important Fundamental Rights are as:
• Right to Equality: Art. 14 to Art. 18
• Art.14- Equality before the law.
• Art.15- Prohibition of discrimination on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex. Or place of birth.
• Art.16- Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment.
• Art.17- Abolition of the untouchability.
• Art.18- Abolition of titles

• Right to Freedom: Art. 19 to art. 22
• Art.19 guarantees to all the citizens the six rights
• (a) Right to freedom of speech and expression.
• (b) Right to assemble peacefully and without arms.
• (c) Right to form associations or unions.
• (d) Right to move freely throughout the territory of India.

• (e) Right to reside and settle in any part of the territory of India.
• (f) Right to practice any profession or to carry on any

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