Impact of Western Consumerism on Islamic States and Pacific Rim Nations
The impact of western consumerism on the Islamic states and Pacific Rim nations brought about varying results. Religious disruptions, cultural and social differences, and economic patterns were affected by consumerism. In the Islamic states, Islam was challenged by Christian missionaries; populations either rose or plummeted according to new diets; and trade flourished or completely stopped in various states. Though completely separated from the western states, the Pacific Rim nations went through similar changes. Their religionsBuddhism and Confucianismreceived the attention of Jesuit missionaries who tried to convert the people. Culture was transformed, and the economy was completely altered. Western consumerism in the Islamic states did not cause much religious controversy. In Islam "the real purpose of life was salvation, not just material goods" (Stearns 4). Therefore, during the Mughal Empire, when Christian missionaries tried to convert Akbar and his subjects, they met with minimum success. Akbar had created his own syncretic "divine faith", a blend of Muslim and Hindu beliefs, and that was enough to cause mayhem within the empire itself. The Pacific Rim nations in the east, however, were "more secular" and therefore "more open to consumerism than highly religious ones" (Stearns). The Portuguese's rediscovery of China and the Spanish's discovery of the Philippines renewed the converting fervor of the Jesuit and Christian missionaries (Clyde 85). Europeans, afterwards, trekked to the eastern states where they were more successful than in the Islamic states. The Japanese emperor Tokugawa Ieyasu wanted to develop a commercial relationship with Spain and opened Japan's ports to Spanish ships. The Spanish, on the other hand, were more interested in sending missionaries than trading, so Ieyasu had the port closed off to Spanish and English visitors (Clyde 94). In China, Jesuit...
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This book goes into detail about every aspect of the eastern nations: social, political, cultural, economic, religious, military, etc. It explains everything from how the nation was created to how it declined or ended.
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This book provides detailed explanations about every Islamic society that has ever existed from the beginning to the present.
Pascoe, Elaine. The Pacific Rim: East Asia at the dawn of a new century. Brookfield, Connecticut: Twenty-First Century Books, 1999.
This book examines the history and current economic and political importance of Japan, China, Taiwan, the Koreas, Southeast Asia, Indonesia, and Malaysia.
Stearns, Peter N. "Consumerism in World History: The Global Transformation of Desire." New York, New York: Routledge, 2001.
This book goes into explanations about the consumer society in the west and Japan and other smaller societies.
Stearns, Peter. "Teaching Consumerism in World History." World History Connected. 2003. George Mason University. 16 Jan. 2005.
This article briefly examines the roles of consumerism in general areas and provides explanations as to how those areas were affected by consumerism.
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