Mali was founded by an indigenous African dynasty that had earlier converted to Islam through peaceful interactions with Muslims.
The increase of elites with wealth from commercial trading resulted in the rise of slaves to serve the elites and the importance of slavery for commerce.
Chapter 7(The Middle East) key concepts_ * The wolrd of Islam represents peoples of different ethnicities, cultures, and languages throughout the Middle East, Africa, Asia, and parts of Europe who were unified through the religion of Islam while still maintaining regional diversity. * The Islamic world made tremendous contributions to art, science, and technology that would have a huge impact on cultural and economic developments in Asia, Africa, and Europe. *The Mongols had a significant impact on the spread of Islam and preserved and built upon Islamic intellectual discoveries. * The Mongols affected the Middle East in both positive and negative ways in terms of social, political, and economic stability.
The mamluks were Turkic mercenaries in the Abbasid caliphate who rose to control powerful Muslim states.
The group in control of Jerusalem at the time of the Crusades was the Seljuk Turks.
Chapter 8(Asia) key concepts- * During the period, China rose as the most influential state in East Asia in terms of economic and political dominance. *Japan, Korea, and Vietnam accepted some aspects of Chinese