Hr Practice

Powerful Essays
SAJMR
Spectrum: A Journal of Multidisciplinary Research
Vol.1 Issue 9, December 2012, ISSN 2278‐0637

HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN SMALL AND
MEDIUM INDUSTRIES – AN INDIAN EXPERIENCE
DR. K. SUNDAR*; P. ASHOK KUMAR**
*Associate Professor,
Commerce Wing, DDE,
Annamalai University,
Annamalai Nagar, Tamil Nadu.
**Ph.D Research Scholar,
Department of Commerce,
Annamalai University,
Annamalai Nagar, Tamil Nadu.

ABSTRACT
A study on Human Resources Management was made in small and medium industries located in
Ambattur industrial estate in Chennai city, India. The outcome of the study indicates that the majority of the units do not have any human resource policy in place. However they pursue same human resources practices like recruitment, selection, training, performance appraisal, compensation, grievance redressal and so on in a haphazard and arbitrary fashion. This paper suggests professional approach to various dimensions of human resource management in the light of various constraints the small and medium units encounter.
KEYWORDS: HRM, Human Resource Practice, Small and Medium Industries.
______________________________________________________________________________

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INTRODUCTION
Small and medium industries are comparatively labour intensive and thus create more employment opportunities per unit of capital employed. This potential to create employment opportunity necessitates effective management of labour force. The professional management of human resource under its fold would ensure scores of benefit both for the enterprises and human resource, namely increasing productivity, prevention of accidents, evolving sound wage policy, effective training, increasing morale and job satisfaction, checking labour turnover and absenteeism, managing labour indiscipline and effective grievance management etc. Most of
small



References: 1. Arthur, M.B. and Hendry, C. (2005), “Human Resource Management and the Emergent Strategy of Small to Medium Sized Business Units” International Journal of Human 2. Cassell, C., Nadin, S., Gray, M. and Clegg. C. (2004), “Exploring Human Resource Management Practices in Small and Medium Sized Enterprises,” Personal Review, Vol. 3. Deshpande, S.P. and Golhar, D.Y. 2004, “HRM Practices in Large and Small Manufacturing Firms: A Comparative Study”, Journal of Small Business Management, 4. Duberley, J. and Whalley, P. 2000, “Adoption of HRM by Small and Medium Sized Manufacturing Organizations”, International Journal of Human Resource Management, 5. Eresi, K. (2006), “Personnel Practices in Small Scale Industries of Bangalore City – A Survey”, SEDME, Vol 6. Hess Dan W. (2007), “Relevance of Small Business Courses to Management Needs”: Journal of Small Business Management,Vol.45, No.5, pp 7. Hodgetts, R.M. and Kuratko, D.F. (2006), Effective Small Business Management (6th Ed), Fort Dryden Press, Worth, Texas. 8. Hornsby, J.S. and Kuratko, D.F. 2000, “Human Resource Management in Small Business: Critical Issues for the 1990”, Journal of Small Business Management, Vol.28, 9. Juhen, P.A. (2000), The State of the Art in Small Business and Entrepreneurship, Ashgate, Aldershot. 10. Jyothi, P. (2004), “Practices of HR Functions in a Small Scale Organisation”, SEDME, Vol.31, No.4 11. Kamble, H. (2005), “Human Resource Management in SSI Units of Belgaum District”, SEDME, Vol 12. Kitching, J. (2000), “Abstracts and Commentaries”, International Small Business Journal, Vol 13. Koch, C.L.Y. and De Kok, J.M.P. (2007), A Human Resource Based Theory of the Small Firm, RIBES nr 14. Kotey, B. and Slade, P. (2005), “Formal Human Resource Management Practices in Small Growing Firms”, Journal of Small Business Management, Vol.43, No.1, pp 16. Marlow, S. and Patton, D. (1993), “Managing the Employment Relationship in the Small Firm: Possibilities for Human Resource Management”, International Small 17. McEvoy, G.M. (2006), “Small Business Personnel Practices”, Journal of Small Business Management, Vol.44, No.4, pp 18. Navyea, T.V. and Bryant, S.E. (2004), “A Study of the Formality of Human Resource Management Practices in Small and Medium Size Enterprises in Vietnam”, International 19. Ng I. and Maki, D. (2007), “Human Resource Management in the Canadian Manufacturing Sector,” The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 20. Nooteboom, B. (2007), Innovation and Diffusion in Small Firms: Theory and Evidence”, Small Business Economics, Vol.6, pp.327-47. 21. Panda, N.M. (2000), “Human Resource Management in Small Enterprises: A Case Study of Hotel Industry in Nagaland”, SEDME, Vol.27, pp 22. Reod and Adams (2001), “Human Resources Management A Survey of Practices within Family and Non-family Firms”, Journal of European Industrial Training, Vol 23. Rowden, R.W. (2007), “High Performance and Human Resources Characteristics of Successful Small Manufacturing and Processing Companies”, Leadership and 24. Storey, D.J. (2007), Understanding the Small Business Sector, Rutledge, London, Rutledge Publishing House, London. 25. Subba Rao, P. and Gangadhara Rao, M. (1984), “Personnel Management in Industrial Estates”, SEDME, Vol 26. Szamosi, L.T. Duxbury, L. and Higgens, C. (2004), “Toward and Understanding of People Management Issues in SMEs: A South Eastern European Perspective”, 27. Wilkinson, A. (1999), “Employment Relations in SMEs”, Employee Relations, Vol.21, No.3, pp

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