Evaluate the impact of the Internet on practices for recruitment and selection employed by firms.
(This sample essay has had paragraph numbers added to aid discussion. Essays would not normally have numbered paragraphs.)
1. The Internet has had a significant impact world-wide on recruitment practices within organisations of all sizes. In the area of selection, advances have been slower, but there are, nevertheless, some interesting on-line selection initiatives. These include automated filtering of applications, initial psychological testing of applicants and networking systems for selecting developing job specifications and for interviewing and selecting candidates. This essay will attempt to describe and evaluate the impact the Internet has had on both these two aspects of human resources management.
2. The Internet is a system of connecting computers around the world. Linked to this is the ‘Intranet’, which is a way organisations can communicate internally. The population connected to the Internet in 1999 totalled some 196 million people, predicted to rise to over 500 million by the end of 2003. By the start of 2000, the daily number of Emails sent exceeded – each day – the number sent in total for the whole of 1990 (Globalisationguide, 2003).
3. The Internet has had a significant impact on the way both firms and job seekers seek each other out. In Britain in 2000, the Chartered Institute of Personnel estimated that 47 per cent of all employers were making use of the Internet for recruitment purposes (Dale, 2003). In the USA the Association of Internet Recruiters estimated that 45 per cent of companies surveyed had filled one in five of their vacancies through on-line recruiting (Charles, 2000). More than 75 per cent of Human Resources personnel in the USA are now making regular use of Internet job boards in addition to traditional recruitment methods of newspaper advertising and links with employment agencies (HR
References: Boehle, S. (2000) Online Recruiting Gets Sneaky. Training. Vol. 37, pp.66-74 Capelli, P Carter, M. (2001) We Want to be Your Friend. Human Resources, July edition, pp.33-35 Charles, J Dale, M. (2003) A Manager’s Guide to Recruitment and Selection, 2nd edition. London: Kogan Page Feldman, D.C Globalisationguide, at www.globalisationguide.com (accessed 10/10/2003) HR Focus (2001) On-line recruiting: what works, what doesn’t) LSC (2001) West Yorkshire In Focus, 2001: an economic and labour market profile of the sub-region. Bradford: Learning & Skills Council for West Yorkshire. Monday, R.W., Noe, R.M. & Premeaux, S.R. (2002) Human Resource Management, Eighth Edition. N.Y: Prentice Hall. Tullar, W.L. & Kaiser, P.R. (1999) Using New Technology: the Group Support System’, in Eder, R.W. & Harris, M.M (eds.) The Employment Interview Handbook. London: Sage, pp. 279-292.