How Ghanaian Is Ghanaian English? a Preliminary Study from a Phonetician
Topics: English language / Pages: 24 (5793 words) / Published: Jun 28th, 2013

How Ghanaian is Ghanaian English? A preliminary study from the perspective of a phonetician
Background to the study English language came to Ghana around the second half of the 15th Century through a group of English merchants who arrived in the Guinea coast to trade in gold dust and spices (Sey, 1973). According to Sey, by the 18th Century, British have attempted to establish schools in the Gold Coast. In 1788, a school for twelve children was established in Cape Coast whilst around the same period a number of Ghanaians were sent to Britain to be educated. Among the pioneers who received British education was Philip Quarcoo who returned to the Gold Coast as a missionary of the Anglican Church, a schoolmaster and a catechist. He is believed to have served from 1965 to 1816 (Sey, 1973). The rise of the English language in Ghana could also be attributed largely to the vigorous activities of missionaries and the active sponsorship of the government during the 19th Century. Many Christian missionaries came to the Gold Coast to spread and propagate the word of God using the Bible. They established churches and later schools where English was taught. Prominent among these missionary organizations were the Methodist, Anglican, Catholic and later Basel (Presbyterian) missions. Sey (1973:5) observes, “The study of the Bible was actively encouraged, and church attendance was obligatory for all schoolchildren. The Bible, even at the present, plays a major role in the pupil’s first acquaintance with the English language.” The first newspaper believed to have appeared (in English) in the Gold Coast was entitled the Royal Gold Coast Gazette and Commercial Intelligencer. It appeared in Cape Coast, dated Tuesday 2nd April 1822 whilst the first known Ghanaian novel in English is Joseph Ephraim Casley-Hayford’s political novel Ethiopia Unbound published in 1911 as well as R.E. Obeng’s Eighteen Pence in 1943. Apart from the novel, Kobina Sekyi is recognised for

References: Adjaye, S. (2005). Ghanaian English pronunciation. USA: Edwin Mellen Press. Bamgbose, A. (1971). The English language in Nigeria. In J. Spencer (ed.), The English language in West Africa. (pp 35-48). London: Longman Group Ltd. Bamgbose, A Crystal, D. (1987). The Cambridge encyclopedia of language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Edu-Buandoh, D. F. (2008). Tracing the definition of literacy and making out-of-school literacy visible in Ghanaian schools. In Journal of Educational Development and Practice (JED-P) 2, 87-99. Jenkins, J. (2000). The phonology of English as an international language. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Kachru, B. B. (1992). Models for non-native Englishes. In B.B. Kachru (ed.), The Other Tongue: English across Cultures (2nd ed.). (pp 48-74) Urbana: University of Illinois Press. Ngula, R. S. (2011). Ghanaian English: Spelling Pronunciation in Focus. Strength for Today and Bright Hope for Tomorrow. ( Language in India). pp 22-36. Owusu-Ansah, L.K. (1992). So what is new? An initial statement on signaling new information in non-native spoken English. Revista canaria de Estudios Ingleses (Univeridad de la Laguna). 25: 83-94. Obanya, P. (1982). Secondary English teaching. London and Basingstoke: Macmillan Publishers Limited. Roach, P Schachter, P (1992). Teaching English pronunciation to Twi-Speaking Students. Legon: Ghana University Press. Strevens, P.D. (1953). “English Intonation” in Gold Coast Education, No. 2, May, 1953, London and Edinburgh : Thomas Nelson and Sons. Sey, K. A. (1973). Ghanaian English: An exploratory survey. London: Macmillan. Wells, J.C

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Evolution of Ghanaian Theatre
  • Are Ghanaian Workers Satisfied with Their Job
  • Analysis: The Ghanaian Auto Mechanic
  • The Efficacy of the Ghanaian Democratic Experiment
  • Culture and Ethics in Ghanaian Professional Life
  • Internet Banking: an Initial Look at Ghanaian Bank Consumer Perceptions
  • Consequences of High Interest Rates in the Ghanaian Economy…..