How far was the fear of communism the main reason for the rise to power of the Nazi party?

Topics: Adolf Hitler, Paul von Hindenburg, Weimar Republic Pages: 5 (1724 words) Published: December 3, 2013
The Nazi party rose to power in March 1933 due to many reasons, some more significant than the others. The fear of communism did contribute to the Nazi party’s rise to power, however this was not the central reason. In addition President Hindenburg’s role was extremely significant as he selected Hitler as Chancellor in January 1933. Nevertheless the key route to the Nazi’s rise to power was the Great Depression.

One of the reasons that contributed to the rise to power of the Nazi party was Hitler himself: Hitler was an enigmatic character with a large personality, a brilliant speaker, an organised man and a driven politician. He practiced his speaking making abilities by attending many rallies and would draw the masses in by speaking quietly to begin with and as he saw people leaning in trying to catch what he was saying he would suddenly increase his volume and catch their attention, this was one of many intelligent techniques Hitler used as well as propaganda and the majority of people thought Hitler sounded like the only man who could lift Germany out of its crisis. His self-belief and passion for Germany provided a light in a bleak situation and persuaded people to believe in him. He had the ability to control people’s emotions because he realised that the only way to appeal to the masses wasn’t by confusing them with political policies (something they wouldn’t understand) but however by tailoring his speeches to each individual audiences and would add empathises on how he would solve their problems. He portrayed his party in such a manner that it gave people a strong sense of belief that the Nazis were the solution to their problems. He often underlined the importance of how the failures of the Weimar republic were associated with the problems Germany was facing and because he hadn’t been in the government he wasn’t associated with failure, therefore presenting himself as the strong extremist leader who would help Germany.

The Great Depression was one of the most significant factors that contributed to The Nazi’s election success. It created a crisis induced atmosphere. The Great Depression’s intensity was very severe on European countries that relied on America for financial aid however to an extent unlike Germany which had the most devastating effect on its economy and impacted the lives of ordinary Germans in a negative way. Germany was forced to withdraw from the Dawes plan which was Germany’s financial support, it was the only way Germany could pay back reparations to England and France from the horror that was the treaty of Versailles. The economy was failing apart rapidly; one in three Germans were unemployed, many were forced to accept wage cuts, were reduced to instant poverty and in January 1933 it was calculated that the unemployed made up a fifth of the whole German population. This affected the economy as the unemployed were entitled to benefits and the longer the depression lasted the less they received and the less money fuelled into the economy causing it to go bust therefore political and economic instability occurred. Also the benefit system was originally designed for only 800,000 and couldn’t cope with the large numbers that needed benefits by 1932. Hitler being intellectually tactical saw an open window to success and used the depression to his advantage, and used propaganda to appeal to a wide audience. He targeted the route of their fears, worries, and emotions and provided an alternative to solve their problems by promising food and jobs yet didn’t go into much detail on how this would be done. By 1930 the votes went up by 18.3 and later in 1932 by 37.4%. In desperate times people turned to anyone who provided an answer to their problems and Hitler rose to this occasion. Additionally many landowning interests supported Hitler and were bitterly hostile to Bruning as he was associated with the economic failure that was the Weimar republic. He failed to take charge of situation as he had no...
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