How and why did Hitler gain power in Germany by 1933?
Following the collapse of the Weimar government, Hitler managed to gain dictatorship over Germany by 1936. In fact it took Hitler just around 18 months, between February 1933 and August 1934, so how did Hitler gain autocracy over Germany so quickly?
I am going to start with how the Germans had fear of Germany becoming a communist country like Russia. At the end of the war, many people hoped that democracy would spread to most countries of the world. They did not want to be controlled by a dictatorship which would lead them into a communist country.
Another factor that assisted Hitler to gain power in Germany by 1933 was how Hitler wanted to demolish the Treaty of Versailles. This is a long term factor as it was enforced after ww1, to penalize Germany. The Germans hated the Treaty of Versailles and Hitler accused the communists, Jews and the Weimar Government for being responsible. This was an advantage for Hitler as he promised to destroy the Treaty of Versailles. This factor is political as it involves the Weimar Government; it is also economical as the Treaty of Versailles was the foundation for Germany undergoing depression, however this is also a social factor due to the fact that Hitler told the German people that he would get rid of the TOV. This factor clearly links to the ‘Wall Street Crash and Great Depression, because if the Treaty of Versailles was never emplaced Germany would never have undergone the great depression.
The depression of 1929 created poverty and unemployment, which made people angry with the Weimar government. People lost confidence in the democratic system and turned towards the extremist political parties such as the Communists and Nazis during the depression. This is a short term factor that helped Hitler gain power by 1933. On Tuesday 29th October 1929, the American Stock Market, Wall Street, crashed. As a result, 659 banks crashed in America in 1929, 1352 in 1930 and...
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