Heritage- defined as anything of value from the past that provides identity to the present and inspires the future generation Tourism- travel for recreational leisure or business purposes Heritage Tourism- the national trust for Historic Preservation in the United States defines heritage tourism as “travelling to experience the places and activities that authentically represent the stories and people of the past
A. Philippine Visual Arts.
Pottery- combines design and function.
*Manunggul Jar (Palawan)- has a cover which features two men rowing a boat, suggesting the belief of early Filipinos in an afterlife that one reaches after crossing a mythical body of water.
Pre Colonial Period
Cordilleras- rich in basket
*Pasking/backpack- structured to support the human frame
Anito(Cordillera groups)- which they called it bulol, signify the value of fertility. Okir-a-datu (Maranao&Tausog Mindanao)- ornate curvilinear designs and motifs applied to wood carving.
*Sarimanok-painted in many colors, holding a fish in its beak.
*Naga- form of an elaborate mythical serpent
*Pako rabong- stylized growing fern with a broad base gracefully.
Panolog(Sarimanok&Naga)- the extended floor beam of the torogan or the large sultan’s house.
Jewerly- amulets and charms to ward off evil spirits or to give supernatural powers.
Ling-ling-o(Cordilleras)- signify fertility.
B. Indigenous Dramas
-rituals and dances which are still performed with urgency and vitality by the various cultural communities that comprise about 8% of the country’s population are held or performed together or separately on the various occasions of a person’s birth, baptism, circumcision, initial menstruation, courtship, wedding, sickness and death.
Rituals of Pagdiwata(Tagbanua of Palawan)- after rice harvest on the last 3 days to ask supreme deity Magindusa. Karis Hangs- wavy long knife
Ugsong- stripped palm leaves with bells.
Atang-atang ritual of ibinag(Isabela)- bamboo raft with offering of rice,oil eggs,cigarettes,rice cakes and little chick represent the soul of the sick person. Tribal dances- proto-dramas
Killing boar- Cordilleras; Wild honey,hunting fish- Aeta in Zambales; Oranges picked- Tausog of Sulu; War dance- Davao del Norte, model warrios called baganis
C. Philippine Cinema Beginnings
*Two problems- expensive technology and inadequate capital
Jose Nepomuceno- Father of Philippine Movies, Dalagag bukid.
A. Pintados- Tattoos for bravery and beauty
*best evidence- tattoos seen on the mummies of Kabayan,200 to 400 y/o.
Caroline Kennedy-Cabrera- Women- to enhance beauty; Men- bravery and tribal seniority. Gisi(Kankanay from Benguet)- small piece of wood,which 3 iron points were attached; Ifugao- iron,with 2 or 3 points; Kalinga- 5 needles; Isneg from Apayao- Igihisi, fashioned from a carved piece of rattan.
B. Tribal Communities: Bontoc
Bontoc Igorot(Mt. Province of the Cordilleras ranges).
*Wanes- men wear long strips of handwoven loin cloth
*Lufid- women wear kind of warp around skirt
*A marraige is barren if no child results from the union after five years of marriage. Ato- place where the council of Elders hold various ceremonies,meetings and events.
C. Costume at the Fin de Siecle- Pañuelo
A. Understanding a Basket
B. Bamboo house
*banggerahan- bamboo rack on w/c to airdry the dishes
*batalan- platform on w/c to whash and bathe, enclose for privacy w/o a roof so it can dry out thoroughly C. Ingenious Filipino Boat
*Balangay- first wooden watercraft excavated in Southeast Asia *panday- craftsmen such as iron-workers and goldsmiths
V. Customs and Traditions
A. Paskong Pinoy
Pasko- most awaited and best loved fiesta.
Panunuluyan- re-enacting the plight of mary and joseph
Lingayen,Pangasinan- first christmas mass
Dec 25- pasko ng mga bata
Jan 1- paso ng mga binata’t dalaga
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