1.1 Background of the Study
Heritage Tourism is traveling to experience the places and activities that authentically represent the stories and people of the past and present. It includes historic, cultural and natural attractions. (Heritage Tourism & Economic Development)
Its activities and services which provide international and domestic visitors with the opportunity to experience understand and enjoy the special values of a region’s heritage, are sometimes referred to as heritage tourism. (Lorton Consulting)
It has been hailed as one of the fastest growing forms of cultural tourism, and that if one can assign meaning to the term ‘heritage’ it is generally related to culture in the form of buildings, art, well-known places, materials artifacts, and modern-day people who practice ways of life that are thought to reveal their heritage. (Boyd, 2003)
Various provinces in the Philippines use Heritage Tourism to attract potential tourists to visit their community where they showcase heritage attractions and destinations in the province. Heritage Tourism has formed part of what is known as special interest travel. (Boyd, 2003) As many tourists arrive in the heritage tourism destinations, it gives the community economic benefits. As part of further development of the destinations, the value and significance of heritage should be given to a count:
1. Economic significance: In terms of expenditures of visitors to sites, heritage is preserved. The amount that visitors spend is the money used to further develop the site. Also, it gives the locals opportunities to generate income. 2. Social significance: It is the personal and collective identity that people and society have with ‘their’ heritage. This will drive the people to preserve the sites in the first place. Heritage can also determine a sense of place. It can create a way for people to be attached to the area which results to maintain the sense of place. 3. Political Significance: Heritage in definition is political in such a way that it reinforce what is conserved, how it is told, and placing the wishes of private owners of heritage into conflict with government or public interest. 4. Scientific Significance: There is also an educative component to heritage – providing visitors with information about the living history, culture, people of areas, lessons which are important in the relationship established between the tourists and the locals. (Boyd, 2003)
San Miguel, Bulacan also have these to offer. To name a few, San Miguel Bulacan has the renowned Biak-na-Bato which is a very historical site where Emilio Aguinaldo and the First Philippine Republic situated their headquarters. Madlum Cave and Rivers which is a UNESCO world heritage site where Mount Manalmon is located. Another is the San Miguel de Arkanghel Church is one of the various churches of Spanish colonial period in 1572. It also has heritage houses like the Tecson House where the ratification of the First Philippine Constitution took place. Another is Camp Tecson which is a military camp which has become the central garrison of military training of Philippine Armed Forces. (Experience Bulacan, Province of Bulacan Rebublic of the Philippines)
Given these abundant resource of natural, cultural, and heritage attractions, San Miguel Bulacan must use them to develop the town as a heritage destination. But as of the current state of the town they have yet to utilize the said attractions for them to be established as a Heritage Destination.
1.2 Research Questions
What is the current state of Tourism in San Miguel, Bulacan? What is the current state of Cultural and Heritage products in San Migiel, Bulacan? Is there a relationship between Heritage and Tourism in San Miguel, Bulacan? If yes, what kind of relationship do they have? If there is no relationship, why none? 1.3 Objectives
To determine the current state of Tourism in San Miguel Bulacan to determine the current...
Bibliography: 1. (n.d.). Retrieved july 18, 2013, from Experience Bulacan, Province of Bulacan Rebublic of the Philippines: http://www.bulacan.gov.ph/sanmiguel/touristspots.php
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3. Boyd, D. J. (2003). Heritage Tourism. England: Pearson Education Limited.
4. Garrod, B. and Fyall, A. (2000). Managing heritage tourism. Annals of Tourism Research, 27, 682-708.
5. Heritage Tourism & Economic Development. (n.d.). Retrieved July 18, 2013, from http://wyoshpo.state.wy.us/pdf/HeritageTourism&EconomicDevelopment.pdf
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Link Between Heritage and Tourism: A Case Study on San Miguel, Bulacan
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