In this task I will be talking about two job roles within a care setting that aims to promote health, the two job roles I will be talking about are health visitors and environmental health officers.
Health promotion involves three overlapping areas of activity; these are health education, health promotion and health protection. For example drug education in schools would come under health education, seat belt law come under health protection and immunisations would come under health prevention. Health education is giving people information for example the dangers and consequences of smoking, this allows people to then go on and make their own life choices whether that’s to risk smoking or to stop/not smoke. Some people may make their own life choices around there beliefs and religion. Health prevention is broke down into three areas, these are primary which is to avoid and remove any chances of actually getting a disease/illness, this could involve talks such as a drugs and alcohol talk to young people in schools or posters and campaigns about disease. The secondary part is to diagnose any disease/illness early to prevent it getting any worse and causing damage, this would be by recognising symptoms at an early stage for example taking someone’s blood pressure. The secondary section may include support groups for people. The third section is called ‘tertiary prevention’, this is where someone has already been diagnosed, this stage helps to reduce and control the disease/illness for example diabetes needs to be controlled by different ways such as pills, needles and eating the correct foods.
According to target jobs ‘health visitors are registered nurses who are responsible for the promotion of health and social well-being and for the assessment of individual and community health needs within a specific practice area’ ‘Health promotion is the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health’, states the world health organization ‘Health visitors aim to promote good health and prevent illness by offering practical help and advice’ according to your doc medical. For example if a woman was struggling with breast feeding, a health visitor would give advice and support on how to breast feed and what she should know. In order for someone to become a health visitor, experience is required in either midwifery or nursing with qualifications, and they will have a minimum of years’ post registration experience and further training and education in child health, health promotion, public health and education. There are pathways to take in universities to allow someone to become a health visitor, which can be studied at undergraduate degree, postgraduate certificate/diploma or masters degree level, these sort of courses usually take around either one year full time or part time being two years. Topics such as counselling, social policy, public health, health promotion and community practice will be covered as well as experience in placements. Also if someone wishes to become a health visitor with no qualifications in midwifery or nursing, but they have good experience in professional childcare, there are training programmes to take which lead straight into Health Visitor training, otherwise a full three year programme of nursing and midwifery training is required to apply to be a Health visitor. A health visitor’s job role is to prevent any risks a baby may face; the job role mainly focused on working with a range of families and a new born after 10 days unless a baby is unwell and must have to stay in a hospital. They stop working with families when the children reach the age of 5 unless the family has problems and would there for carry on supporting them. Health visitors would mainly visit new mums or teen mums more as they are less experienced and have less knowledge than mums of more than one baby. A health visitor’s job includes judging whether an environment is safe...
Bibliography: - The free dictionary. (2013). Skill. Available: http://www.thefreedictionary.com/skill. Last accessed 26th feb 2013
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