Health promotion

Topics: Health promotion, Public health, Health Pages: 11 (3325 words) Published: July 6, 2014
Everyone is unique in their own way in relation to health and sickness. Not one person on earth is absolutely healthy or totally sick. The perception of health differs from one and another. According to World Health Organization (WHO) (1948), health is “… a state completes physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity…” In globalization era now, the healthy lifestyle of people also change. Health promotion is being introduced to create best solutions in improving the health quality among people. This not only meant for the patient in hospital but also the community at large. Based on Naidoo and Wills (2009:62) health promotion can be defined: Enabling individuals and groups to have a say in how their health us promoted and valuing their personal, perspective; supporting people to take greater control over their health In addition, health promotion does save costs on medical treatment that individuals or government would have spent. This is due to the fact that it promotes prevention rather than cure (Public Health, 2008). Health is universal and includes different dimensions that will impact a way of one person. The dimensions of health are further divided into physical, mental, emotional, social sexual, spiritual, environmental and global (Naidoo and Wills, 2009). A good way of healthy life practice is introduced via the Malaysian Health Promotion Board (MySihat) associated with Ministry of Health. This allows them to come up with the new plan of health promotion so that a healthy society can be created (MySihat, 2013). During the first International conference on health promotion held in Ottawa, Canada 1986 the Ottawa Charter for health promotion is created. The Charter identifies the three basic fundamentals in improving on health which are advocacy, enabling and mediating. The five important keys in the health action areas preferred by the Charter are to build healthy public policy, creates supportive environment, reinforce community action, develop personal skills and reorientation the health services (WHO 2013). From the chosen case scenario, different needs assessment is identified with the specific level of health promotion work can be used. In one of the step in planning health promotion programs is to setting up the SMART aim and specific objectives. Any of the five approaches will be used respective with the situation of chosen case scenario. Some health promotion activities could be used with the chosen approaches. Alongside the approaches, the health promoter will also select a model to assist in planning in health promotion activity. Ethical issues will be discussed in this essay in order to help in clarify decisions making. The last part in the essay to be discussed is planning the evaluation methods. Evidence Base:

There are so many methods in order to maintain healthy lifestyles. From this case scenario of Akbar, it is very important for him to exercise. He appears to be overweight, thus by exercising he can maintain body weight and reduce the percentage to get obesity. According to National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (2008) overweight is a physical state considered to be of excess weight as compared to the normal weight for a particular height. By using the formula of body mass index (BMI), it helps to determine the specific level of weight parallel to height. Malaysia is in the top sixth that has the highest adult obesity rate in Asia Pacific Region ( New Staits Times 2011). Datuk Seri Liow Tiong Lai who is Malaysian Minister of Health, also tells that in the Southeast Asia country which is Malaysia has the highest percentage of obesity rate (Cheng, 2013). Accroding to WHO (2012), WHO Diabetes Program is created to avoid any potential getting diabetes though it’s very difficult as well as empower people in practicing healthy lifestyle. Needs assessment:

In preparing the health promotion, the first level is to assess the needs...
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