Health and Safety at Work Act 1974
The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 is the main piece of legislation that covers the health and safety in the work place in the UK. This is also known as (HSWA). This piece of legislation sets out guidelines for the employers that they need to ensure that all the necessary health and safety rules were met towards their fellow employees and visitors. The people who are responsible for the health and safety at work are the employers as they have to carry out risk assessment and take care of their employees and the safety of the visitors. So first- aid would need to be assessable as well as the employees must take care of their own health and safety. As part of the risk assessment that employers have to decide what things could do harm to the employees and what can they do to stop it from happening. They must also give free health and safety training for the employee to do their job. The employers must also provide the essentials such as toilets and drinking facilities. Employers who are staffed with five or more employees are required to keep records of risk assessments. The Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 make want the employers need to do in the work place a lot more explicit. However when they are doing risk assessments they should be straight forward. Employers are required to
1. Make arrangements for implementing the health and safety measures identified as necessary by the risk assessments set. 2. Appoint the correct people (it will either be the employers themselves or the companies staff) to help them implement the arrangements. 3. They should set up emergency procedures.
4. Provide clear information and training for the employees
5. Work together with the other employers who share the same workplace. The employers have a duty to protect their employees and visitors. It allow the employers to use their common sense to see any risks that could possibly happen and try to avoid them. The employers also have to do a risk assessment in the work these are detailed so the every possible problem that could happen would have already been addressed. As those who were visiting, the act allowed them to be covered by any activities that were going on. Everyone at the work place is responsible for the health and safety of each other but there are those who have to implicate the rules, such as management who are responsible for the organisation as they provide the necessary training and equipment for the work place. As well as consult employees on the issues. The health and safety executives alongside with other local authorities are responsible for implementing the act and other statutory instruments in the working place. The employees must also do things that will help with their health and safety such as follow the training that their employers have provided. The health and safety executive are responsible for checking that the organization is keeping the rules as the powers that they have are to inspect the workplace whenever they see fit and come unannounced. If they believe that the organization is breaking the rules they can give them a warning or introduce and prohibition notice and last resort prosecute the company. They are prompted by the changes in the risk, the companies’ technologies or that there is evidence of accidents/ ill health as well as in public concern. Health and Safety Executives are there to keep guidance up to date because as technology changes the risk assessments would need to change and be up to date as well.
Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999
These regulations came into force on 29th December 1999.
These regulations are law and so have to be carried out by the employers. This also means that there will have to be regular risk assessment with employers who have more than five employees working for them as well as those who are not employees such as visitors to the...
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