The two major types of surface markings are the: 1. Depression and Openings: They allow the passage of soft tissues (such as blood vessels and nerves) or from joints 2. Processes: They are projections or outgrowths that either help form joints or serve as attachment points for connective tissue (such as ligaments and tendons)
B.) Why are Liu and Hassan surprised to find a metopic suture on an adult skull? In which skull bone do metopic sutures occur?
Liu and Hassan are surprised to find metopic suture on an adult skull because the metopic suture occurs on an infant skull. Right after birth the left side and right side of the frontal bone are united by the metopic suture. They were surprised because this suture should have disappeared between the age of six to eight years old.
C.) What delicate skeletal structures are found inside the nasal cavity that might be missing from an excavated skull?
The skeletal structures that are found inside the nasal cavity that might be missing from an excavated skull are: 1. Perpendicular Plate 2. Middle & Inferior Nasal Concha 3. Vomer
D.) How would Hassan and his team be able to tell the ages of the skeletal remains of the woman and the baby?
Hassan and his team would be able to tell the ages of the skeletal remains by the four main sutures such as: 1. Coronal Suture 2. Sagittal Suture 3. Lambdoid Suture 4. Squamous Sutures E.) What features of the vertebral column would the larger skeleton in the sarcophagus show to indicate it was female?
The vertebral column of a male is about 71 cm (28in), for a female the vertebral column is about 61 cm (24in). F.) What bone in the neck region other than cervical vertebrae may be damaged during strangulation or neck trauma?
The bone that could be damaged by strangulation or neck trauma would be