I. COMPONENTS OF CULTURE
Culture provides individuals with a set of common understandings that they use to fashion their actions. It allows us to “know” in rather broad terms what we can expect of other and what they can expect of us. In proving common understandings, culture binds the separated lives of individuals into a larger whole, making society possible by providing a common framework of meaning. Only by sharing similar perspectives with one another-designs and ways of life- can we weave integrated webs of ongoing interaction. The key components of culture that make these shared understandings possible: norm, values and symbols an language.
Norms are social rules that specify appropriate and inappropriate behaviour in given situation, They tell us what we “should not” and “ought” and must not due. In all cultures the great body of these social rues deal with matters involving sex, property, and safety. Norms vary enormously in their importance both to individuals and to society. Some, such as fashions, are powerful while they last but are not central to society’s values.
Folkways- folkways have to do with the customary ways and ordinary conventions by which we carry out our daily activities. We bate, brush our teeth, groom our hair, wear shoes or sandals, wave greetings to friends, mow our lawns, and sleep in beds.
We view people who violate folkways especially those who violate a good number of them, as somehow “different” and even “strange”. You may be regarded as eccentric, weird, crazy but not as immoral or criminal. However, ordinarily we do not attach moral significance to folkways. There is no strong feeling of right or wrong attached to them. For example, we may regard people who wear soiled clothing as crude but not as sinful, and people who are late for appointments as thoughtless but not evil. Gossip and ridicule are important mechanisms of folkways.
Mores- some norms are associated with strong feelings of right and...
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