group counseling

Topics: Psychology, Facilitator, Gale Pages: 3 (1017 words) Published: February 16, 2014

Some early psychoanalysts, especially Alfred Adler, a student of Sigmund Freud, believed that many individual problems were social in origin. In the 1930s Adler encouraged his patients to meet in groups to provide mutual support. At around the same time, social work groups began forming in mental hospitals, child guidance clinics, prisons, and public assistance agencies. Group counseling offers multiple relationships to assist an individual in growth and problem solving. In group counseling sessions, members are encouraged to discuss the issues that brought them into counseling openly and honestly. The facilitator works to create an atmosphere of trust and acceptance that encourages members to support one another. Individuals that share a common problem or concern are often good candidates for group counseling, where they can share their mutual struggles and feelings. Before a student begins group counseling, the facilitator should interview them to ensure a good fit between their needs and the group's. The facilitator should also consider the age, grade level, gender. The student should be given preliminary information before sessions begin, such as guidelines and ground rules, and information about the problem on which the group is focused. Individuals who create turmoil in the group by engaging in chronically disruptive behavior, or whose communication behavior is chronically inappropriate offer a challenge. Since groups are systems composed of interrelated parts, one disruptive member can influence the entire group. It’s been discovered that when one group member is highly disruptive, formerly cooperative members begin behaving in disruptive ways also. This is especially true when the disruptive member is not dealt with effectively by the group facilitator. I think the first thing the facilitator should do in this situation when dealing with a disruptive member is change your communication in relation to that person’s difficult behavior....

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