Level 3 Public Services
Government, Politics and the Public Services
What is the European Parliament?
The European Parliament, also abbreviated as Europarl or the EP, is the directly elected parliamentary institution of the European Union (EU). Together with the Council of the European Union and the European Commission, it exercises the legislative function of the EU and it has been described as one of the most powerful legislatures in the world The European Directly is elected by EU voters every 5 years, members of the European Parliament (MEPs) represents the people. Parliament is one of the EU’s main law-making institutions, along with the Council of the European Union. The European Parliament is also the unicameral legislative body of the European Union. Representatives (MEP’s) are directly elected using the electoral system of each individual EU member state and sit in the parliament in political. Main roles
The European Parliament has three main roles:
Debating and passing European laws, with the Council
Scrutinising other EU institutions, particularly the Commission, to make sure they are working democratically Debating and adopting the EU's budget, with the Council.
If the European government decide on a law then the other countries have to follow. For example: no guns; this means that the UK cannot use guns. Members
There are currently 776 members in Parliament, which represent the second largest democratic electorate in the world (after the Parliament of India) and the largest trans-national democratic electorate in the world (375 million eligible voters in 2009). Central government
What is central government?
Central government have the main responsibility of running the country. They are in charge of developing and implementing policy and for drafting laws as well as funding most of the country’s spending. What makes up a central government?
The government has approximately 100 members. The most senior members include the Prime Minister, Secretaries of State, Ministers of State and Parliamentary Under Secretaries. The Prime Minister has the responsibility of being in charge and appointing the other members of the government. There are many key departments within central government and they all play a vital but very different role in running the country. The departments range from the Home Office and the Department of Health, to the Department of Culture, Media and Sport. These departments are headed by Secretaries of State who have overall responsibility and are staffed by impartial civil servants who receive their funding from money provided by Parliament. Civil servants provide vital advice. The Secretaries of State from every department and some ministers meet once a week to discuss the issues affecting the country, they are known as the Cabinet. This is a smaller gathering of government, which creates speedier and more concise decision making and therefore forms the main decision making body in central government. The work of each of the departments is important and relevant to everyone in the UK, regardless of their location. Federal governments
A federal government is the common or national government of a federation. Examples include: Austria government
United States government
Non-federal central governments
There are many countries which have delegated powers, some include: People's Republic of China government
Republic of China government
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics government
Sudan government Portugal government
United Kingdom government
Chancellor of the Exchequer
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