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Government
Level 3 Public Services
Government, Politics and the Public Services
Unit 1
European parliament
What is the European Parliament?
The European Parliament, also abbreviated as Europarl or the EP, is the directly elected parliamentary institution of the European Union (EU). Together with the Council of the European Union and the European Commission, it exercises the legislative function of the EU and it has been described as one of the most powerful legislatures in the world
The European Directly is elected by EU voters every 5 years, members of the European Parliament (MEPs) represents the people. Parliament is one of the EU’s main law-making institutions, along with the Council of the European Union.
The European Parliament is also the unicameral legislative body of the European Union. Representatives (MEP’s) are directly elected using the electoral system of each individual EU member state and sit in the parliament in political.
Main roles The European Parliament has three main roles:
Debating and passing European laws, with the Council
Scrutinising other EU institutions, particularly the Commission, to make sure they are working democratically
Debating and adopting the EU's budget, with the Council.
If the European government decide on a law then the other countries have to follow. For example: no guns; this means that the UK cannot use guns.
Members
There are currently 776 members in Parliament, which represent the second largest democratic electorate in the world (after the Parliament of India) and the largest trans-national democratic electorate in the world (375 million eligible voters in 2009).
Central government
What is central government?
Central government have the main responsibility of running the country. They are in charge of developing and implementing policy and for drafting laws as well as funding most of the country’s spending.
What makes up a central government?
The government has approximately 100 members. The most senior

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