Preview

Gk Printers

Powerful Essays
Open Document
Open Document
3128 Words
Grammar
Grammar
Plagiarism
Plagiarism
Writing
Writing
Score
Score
Gk Printers
Vol. 4, No. 12

International Journal of Business and Management

Analysis and Evaluation of Organizational Change Approaches
Yuan Liu Department of Fundamental Education, Lianyungang Teacher 's College Lianyungang 222006, China E-mail: liuyuan_0228@hotmail.com
Abstract

Organizational change is the trend for the further development and which been explained is the enduring quest of scholars in many disciplines. Prescriptive approach and emergent approach are two main types of models for organizational change. The ‘Seven S Framework’ from Peters and his colleague to show the interrelationships between different aspects of corporate strategy. Mintzberg developed his rational concept of an organisation as composed of five segments and uses his model flexibly to develop five different configurations of structure
Keywords: Organizational, Prescriptive, Emergent, Change 1. Introduction

“Explaining organizational change has been an enduring quest of scholars in many disciplines. Change and development process are central to such organizational phenomena as careers, group decision-making, organizational strategy formation, innovation, and interorganizational networks. Contemporary intellectual currents, exhibited in the rising interest in such topics as individual and organization life cycles, structuration theory and nonlinear systems thinking.” (Poole, Van de Ven, Dooley, Holmes, 2000) In this article, a case study will be introduced to analyse and evaluated the theories of change management.
2. Two Approaches and a Framework

2.1 Prescriptive and Emergent Approaches There are two main types of models for organisational change: prescriptive approach which works best where it is possible to move clearly from one state to another and emergent approach which is used in an unpredictable and unplanned fashion. “Planned change (prescriptive approach) is a term first coined by Kurt Lewin to distinguish change that was consciously embarked upon and planned by an



References: International Journal of Business and Management Burnes, B. (1996). Managing Change: The Emergent approach to change. Person Education Limited (2004 fourth edition). P291- P325. Caldwell, R. (2006). Agency and Change. Raymond Caldwell. Cobbenhangen, J. (2000). Successful Innovation. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK. Northampton, MA, USA. Cole, G.. (2004). Management Theory and Practice: Organising for Management. Thomson, (2004 Sixth edition). P210. Fenton, E., & Pettigrew, A. (2000). The innovating organization. SAGE Publications Ltd London. Griffiths, K., & Williams, R. (1998). A Learning Approach to Change. GOWER. USA. Henry, J., & Mayle, D. (2002). Managing Innovation and Change. The Open University, (2002,Second edition).UK. Lynch, R. (2005) .Corporate Strategy: The Implementation Process. Person Education. Limited, (2006 fourth edition). P. 679-P805. Macdonald, S. (2000). Information For Innovation. Oxford, UK. Marrow, AJ. (1969). The Practical Theorist: The Life and Work of Kurt Lewin. Teachers College Press (1997 edition): New York. Merli, M., & Wheeler. (1995). Beyond Business Process Reengineering. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, UK. Mintzberg, H. (1983). Structure in Fives: Designing Effective Organisations, Prentice-Hall. Poole, S. M., Van de Ven, A, Dooley, K., & Holmes, M. (2000). Organizational Change And Innovation Processes. Oxford. UK. Rouse, William, B. (1992). Strategies For Innovation. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, UK. Schein, E. (1964). The Mechanics of Change.W. G.. et al (eds), Interpersonal Dynamics, Dorsey Press. UK. Tidd, J. Bessant, J., & Pavitt, K. (2003). Management Innovation, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, (2003,the second edition), UK. Turbulent environment Large-scale transformation Level: The organisation Focus: Culture Approach: Emergent change Slow transformation Slow change Level: Individual/Group Focus: Attitudes/behaviour Approach: Planned change Level: Individual/Group Focus: Tasks and procedures Approach: Kaizen Tayloristic or Level: The organisation Focus: Structure and processes Approach: Bold stroke Rapid transformation Rapid change Small-scale transformation Stable environment Figure 1. 238

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    * The first type is empirical rational strategies, based on the assumptions that people are rational, will follow their rational self-interest, and will change if and when they come to realize change is advantageous to them.…

    • 645 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Concord Bookshop Paper

    • 800 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Organizational change has many concepts from wide changes to small changes that can affect a company. Introducing a new person into the company, changing mission statement, restructuring, and even adding stock options are examples of organizational changes. According to Spector it is important to understand, analyze the dynamic of change, and requirements of effective change implementation. Successful changes requires management to explore many drivers of change. Strategic responsiveness occurs when external factors affects the company for example, government regulation, new competition, and economic changes. In response to these events an organizational change is necessary to create and maintain customer service and performance. Strategic renewal requires a change in plan to gain an competitive edge. To be effective management needs to be part of the change process. The leaders need to change its business practices and resources. A new business model is necessary to for the company to generate profit and survive. They could even start a new business model, which is called" Greenfield." (Spector 2010) Starting a new business from scratch is easier with new employees instead of the "challenge of nurturing a new business model within an existing model." (Spector 2010) To accomplish the goals of the new business model the change agent need to retrain employees in new skills and competencies.…

    • 800 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Cameron, E & Green, M. (2012) Making Sense of Change Management: A Complete Guide to the Models Tools and Techniques of Organizational Change. London: Kogan Page Ltd…

    • 1961 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    The phrase ‘change management’ has been defined as “the process of continually renewing an organization’s direction, structure, and capabilities to serve the ever-changing needs of external and internal customers” (Todnem, 2005, p. 369 cited Moran and Brightman, 2001, p. 111). Generally, organizational change can be initiated by managers or come into existence through external pressure or implemented as a result of specific changes in policy and procedures. In brief, organizational change is an effort made by management to have members of the organization to think, behave and perform in a different way (Yılmaz and Kılıçoğlu, 2013 cited Kreitner and Kinicki, 2010).…

    • 702 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Best Essays

    Burnes, B (2004) Managing change: a strategic approach to organisational dynamics. 4th Edition. Financial Times/ Prentice Hall…

    • 5138 Words
    • 21 Pages
    Best Essays
  • Good Essays

    “The primary objective of change is to ensure the future competitive sustainability of an organization” (Borkowski, 2005, p. 391). The phases in organizational change are unavoidable, regardless if they have positive or negative results. A case study can demonstrate that a planned organizational change process will lead to the change success. In this paper, the case presented will demonstrate the importance of completing and implementing the phases of this process.…

    • 582 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Ian Palmer, r. D. (2009). University of Phoenix Custom EdititionManagement 380- Organizational Change (2009). Managing organizational change. A multiple prespectives approach. McGraw-Hill Company.…

    • 1126 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    What is change? Change is ironically one of the very few consistencies in life. Yet we regard change as an aberration or a brief disruption, in a paradoxically ever so changing world. It is not a mystery then that the sum of all stress can be attributed to change, e.g., changes at work, changes in finances, changes in the family structure, etc. In light of this, John Kotter and David Cohen (2002) have published a book The Heart of Change which illustrates a step by step a process to implement effective change in the work place that minimizes those disruptions or aberrations. In the following analysis this writer will compare the eight steps for successful large scale change in an organization outlined in the book, The Heart of Change, with those discussed in the scientifically validated text Organizational Behavior and Management, by Ivancevich, Konopaske, and Matteson, (2011). As The Heart of Change presents their method of organizational change in eight stages, the comparative text discusses the undertaking of change through the perspective of slightly different methods starting on page 528. Both books are typically synonymous regarding the concepts of change in an organization; this analysis will dissect these differences and similarities, and prove both are valid resources.…

    • 2549 Words
    • 11 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    References: Books Carnal, C.A. (2003) Managing Change in Organisations, Fourth Edition. Harlow: FT Prentice Hall Cartwright, J. (1999) Cultural Transformation, Harlow: Prentice Hall Chaffey, D. (2007) E-Business and E-Commerce Management (3rd edition), Harlow: FT Prentice Hall Chandler, A.D., Jr. (1962) Strategy and Structure: Chapters in the History of Industrial Enterprise. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press Eccles, T. (1994) Succeeding with Change, Maidenhead: McGraw-Hill Freeman, R.E. (1984) Strategic Management: A Stakeholder Approach. Pitman: London Hayes, J. (2002) The Theory and Practice of Change Management. Palgrave Macmillan: Hampshire Johnson, G., Scholes, K.(2005) Exploring Corporate Strategy: Text and Cases, 7th Edition, Pearson Education Lynch, R. (2006) Corporate Strategy (4th Edition), FT Prentice Hall: Harlow Mintzberg, H., Quinn J. B., Ghoshal, S., (2002) The Strategy Process. (2nd European Edition), FT Prentice Hall: Harlow Pettigrew, A. and Whipp, R. (1991) Managing Change for Competitive Success, Oxford: Blackwell Raynor, M.E. (2007) The Strategy Paradox, First Edition, London: Doubleday Tichy, N. (1983) Managing Strategic Change, Wiley Tichy, N. and Devanna, M.A. (1990) The Transformational Leader, Wiley Journals Baden-Fuller, C. and Stopford J. M. ‘Rejuvenating the Mature Business’, Harvard Business School Press (1994) Geiger, S.W., Richie, W.J. and Marlin, D. ‘Strategy/Structure Fit and Firm Performance’. Organisational Development Journal. Summer 2006, 24, 2, p.10 March, J.G. ‘The Business Firm as a Political Coalition’. Journal of Politics. 1962, 24, 662-678 Kotter, J.P. ‘Leading Change: Why Transformational Efforts Fail’. Harvard Business Review. March-April 1995, 39-67 Schweiger, D.M. and DeNisi, A.S. ‘Communication with employees following a merger: a longitudinal field experiment’, Academy of Management Journal, 1991, 34, pp.110-135 Websites ‘HMV Group Strategic and Operational Review’, HMV Group, (Cited 12/02/08) available at: http://www.hmvgroup.com Trochim, W.M.K. (2006) ‘Nonprobability Sampling’, Web Centre for Social Research Methods (cited 12/03/08), available at: http://www.socialresearchmethods.net Video(1) Gerry Johnson interviewing George Yip on the subject of global strategy, referring to his 1992 book listed below Bibliography Williams, C. and Rains, J. ‘Linking Strategy to Structure: The Power of Systematic Organisation Design’. Organisation Development Journal. Summer 2007, 25, 2, p.163-171 Yip, G. (1992) Total Global Strategy: Managing for Worldwide Competitive Advantage. Harlow: Prentice Hall…

    • 8669 Words
    • 35 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    In order to survive and prosper in a rapid changing environment of business world, organization is often required to generate fast response to changes (French, Bell & Zawacki, 2005). Change management means to plan, initiate, realize, control, and finally stabilize change processes on both, corporate and personal level. Change may cover such diverse problems as for example strategic direction or personal development programs for staffs. In this section, several theories of change will be discussed to improve our understanding of change management in theory and practice.…

    • 1436 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Change Management

    • 1597 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Kurt Lewin 's three-phase model of change is described as unfreeze, move or change, and refreeze. In simplified terms of most application, this means to allow the current process and procedures less constraints, then to make the adjustments toward the new vision or processes and procedure, finally to put in place new constraints for the new processes and procedures (McShane, 2003.)…

    • 1597 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Early theorist such as Kurt Lewin offered another explanation of change. He described change as a three stage process of unfreezing the existing organizational equilibrium, moving to a new position and refreezing in a new equilibrium position (Burke, 1992, and French et al, 2005). Change may be categorized in several ways including, planned or unplanned, qualitative or quantitative. When we plan change, we deliberately set out to arrange an end to the status quo and replace it by something else. Unplanned change, on the other hand, could be imposed suddenly; or it could be the result of a number of small events accumulating imperceptibly over time. According to Ackerman (in Jick and Peiperl, 2003) change consist of three categories: developmental, transitional and transformational. Ackerman describes developmental change as the improvement of a skill, a method or condition that for some reason does not measure up to current expectations. It is the improvement of what is. Transitional change is the implementation of a known new state. It involves the movement by steps from one state to another. Transitional change has its foundation in the work of Kurt Lewin (1951). Transformational change is the…

    • 834 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    For full details of programs and school procedures, please refer to the University of Ballarat handbook (http://www.ballarat.edu.au/future-students/handbook ) and The Business School Programs Handbooks available at http://www.ballarat.edu.au/business/handbooks…

    • 3713 Words
    • 15 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Best Essays

    Concord Bookshop

    • 989 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Spector, B. (2010). Implementing organizational change: Theory into practice. (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ:Pearson Prentice Hall. Retrieved from The University of Phoenix eBook Collection database.…

    • 989 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Best Essays
  • Best Essays

    Change Management Essay

    • 2114 Words
    • 7 Pages

    ‘Assumptions about the nature of managing and the nature of change outcomes are associated with different images of managing change’…

    • 2114 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Best Essays