Preview

Funding, Interest Groups, Elections, and the Role Between State and Local Governments in Texas

Better Essays
Open Document
Open Document
1382 Words
Grammar
Grammar
Plagiarism
Plagiarism
Writing
Writing
Score
Score
Funding, Interest Groups, Elections, and the Role Between State and Local Governments in Texas
Running Head: TEXAS GOVERNMENT

Funding, Interest Groups, Elections, and the Role Between State and Local Governments in Texas
Maurice Adams
Mr. George Lyon
POL215
University of Phoenix

Funding, Interest Groups, Elections, and the Role Between State and Local Governments in Texas The state of Texas receives the majority of funding from two sources; taxes and federal receipts. “Currently, Texas is one of nine states that does not levy a personal income tax on its residents and, in addition, its property tax system is a function of local governments. This makes Texas somewhat unique, in that, its state government largely relies on revenue generated from sales taxes and a business tax.” (Texas Public Policy Foundation, 2012) For the 2010-2011 biennium, 43.1 percent of Texas’s revenue was generated through taxes and 37.3 percent was generated through federal receipts.
Texas’ current “sales tax rate is 8.25 percent and is imposed on all retail sales, leases and rentals of goods purchased in the state, and taxable services. There are a handful of goods and services exempt from taxation, including food for home consumption, over the counter medicine, as well as legal and medical services.” (Texas Public Policy Foundation, 2012) Texas also has a franchise tax, which is “a levy on doing business in the state of Texas. Businesses that earn more than the threshold of revenue set by the Texas Legislature are required to pay a one percent tax on the smallest value of either: 70 percent of total revenue, total revenue minus cost of goods sold, or total revenue minus total compensation plus benefits.” (Texas Public Policy Foundation, 2012) Other taxes generating income for the state include motor fuel taxes, motor vehicle sales and rental taxes, cigarette and tobacco taxes, insurance occupation taxes natural gas production tax, oil production taxes, alcoholic beverage taxes, utility taxes, hotel occupancy tax, and other miscellaneous taxes that include levies on



Cited: About TexPIRG. (n.d.). Retrieved September 26, 2012, from TexPIRG: Standing Up to Powerful Interests: http://www.texpirg.org/page/txp/about Definitions of Key Terms. (n.d.). Retrieved September 26, 2012, from State of Alaska Budget: http://omb.alaska.gov/ombfiles/02_budget/Glossary/EBSGlossary.html Liberal Arts Instructional Technology Services. (2009). Texas Politics. University of Texas at Austin. Our Mission. (2009-2012). Retrieved September 15, 2012, from NAACP: http://www.naacp.org/pages/our-mission Texas Public Policy Foundation. (2012). Where the Money Comes from. Retrieved September 26, 2012, from Texas Budget Source: http://www.texasbudgetsource.com/budget/state/where-the-money-comes-from University of Texas at Austin. (2009). Voting, Campaigns and Elections. Retrieved September 26, 2012, from Texas Politics: http://texaspolitics.laits.utexas.edu/6_printable.html#20

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Better Essays

    References: Budget of the United States Government. (2009). Updated Summary Tables, May, 2009, Budget of the…

    • 1622 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Changes in Politics Dbq

    • 1070 Words
    • 5 Pages

    The United States of America is a country known primarily for being founded upon the principles of equality, and liberty. An aspiration the nation has always been centered upon is creating an equal basis for each individual inhabiting the United States. The nation has always taken a great sense of pride in the voting system it possesses, but unfortunately there was a time when this glorified system was not available to the public. After the war of 1812 came to an end the public began to discuss the topic of voting heavily. The most significant changes in participation in both political campaigns and elections in the United States took place within the years of 1815 to 1840; and this was because of a dramatic change in activism, as well as a dramatic increase in the level of campaigning.…

    • 1070 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Most of the people in Texas often involve themselves in trading activities. Through trade the state acquires revenues through the taxes collected from the items that the citizens are buying and selling. Trading activities in Texas certainly have made the government to plan well for the smooth running of the state. Likewise, Texas similarly seeks grants from the federal governments as a source of operational funding. Certainly, the grants that are given by the federal government are often never returned later or rather such grants are given back at lower interest rates that for an extensive period of…

    • 825 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Jane biltz Election

    • 773 Words
    • 4 Pages

    2) Newell, C., Prindle, D., & Riddlesperger, J. (2011). Texas politics. (12th ed.). Boston, MA:Wadsworth.…

    • 773 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Texas Low-Tax Model

    • 405 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Because of no income tax, Texas is viewed as “the model of economic success for states” and a “strong competitor” in “economic development”, leading to the influencing other states, such as Oklahoma or South Carolina, to question if they should walk in Texas’s footsteps of having no…

    • 405 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Cited: /b><br><li>Gans Curtis "1994 Congressional Elections: An Analysis Realignment and Dealignment"(<a href="http://www.concentric.net/~ewla/vdr95/gans.html">http://www.concentric.net/~ewla/vdr95/gans.html</a>)(10-31-97)<br><li>Southern Regional Council "Motor Voter May be the key" (<a href="http://www.src.w1.com/vrrsum1996_motor_cht1_nf.htm">http://www.src.w1.com/vrrsum1996_motor_cht1_nf.htm</a>). (11-3-97)<br><l>World Media Live "Election Results and History" (<a href="http://www.worldmedia.fr/USelections/electionva/history/index.html">http://www.worldmedia.fr/USelections/electionva/history/index.html</a>) (11-2-97)<br><li>Voter Research and Surveys, New York Times, November 5, 1992, p.b9<br><li>Wayne, Stephen. <a href="http://click.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/stat?id=pcZ8g7DjAzA&offerid=6424&type=2&subid=0&url=http%253A//search.borders.com/fcgi-bin/db2www/search/search.d2w/Details%253F%2526mediaType%253DBook%2526prodID%253D35605436" >The Road to the Whitehouse<IMG border=0 alt=icon width=1 height=1 src="http://ad.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/show?id=pcZ8g7DjAzA&bids=6424&type=2&subid=0" ></a>. New York, St Martins Press 1984.<br><li>Wattenburg, Martin and Edwards, George, and Lineberry, Robert. Government in America . 3rd ed., New York, Addison-Wesly Educational Publishers inc. 1997.<br><li>Black, Merle and Kovenock, David and Reynolds, William. <a href="http://click.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/stat?id=pcZ8g7DjAzA&offerid=6424&type=2&subid=0&url=http%253A//search.borders.com/fcgi-bin/db2www/search/search.d2w/Details%253F%2526mediaType%253DBook%2526prodID%253D3901535" >Political Attitudes in the Nation & the States<IMG border=0 alt=icon width=1 height=1 src="http://ad.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/show?id=pcZ8g7DjAzA&bids=6424&type=2&subid=0" ></a>. University North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Institute for Research in Social Science. 1974<br><li>Mulcahy, Kevin and Katz, Richard. <a href="http://click.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/stat?id=pcZ8g7DjAzA&offerid=6424&type=2&subid=0&url=http%253A//search.borders.com/fcgi-bin/db2www/search/search.d2w/Details%253F%2526mediaType%253DBook%2526prodID%253D14579075" >America Votes: What You Should Know About Elections Today<IMG border=0 alt=icon width=1 height=1 src="http://ad.linksynergy.com/fs-bin/show?id=pcZ8g7DjAzA&bids=6424&type=2&subid=0" ></a>. New Jersey, Prentice Hall Inc. 1976.<br><li>U.S. News & World Report Politics Inside and Out Washington D.C., U.S. News and World Report. 1970…

    • 1923 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    [4] traversecitymi.gov. (2014). Final Budget - City of Traverse City 2013-14. Retrieved from traversecitymi.gov: www.traversecitymi.gov/downloads/finalbudgetpdf1314_1.pdf…

    • 1046 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Better Essays

    Smith, R. W.; and Lynch, T.D. (2004). Public budgeting in America, (5th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ. Pearson/Prentice Hall.…

    • 919 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    References: GPO Access. (2009). US Budget. Retrieved August 16, 2011, from A Service of the U S Government Printing Office: http://www.gpoaccess.gov/usbudget/fy11/hist.html…

    • 2784 Words
    • 12 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Giving more power to the interest group is dangerous for democracy, and it will give the ability to them to even change some laws that the majority of Texans do not want it to change. Thus, Government should either put lots of limits on the strong interest groups or help the weaker interest groups to compete with the stronger…

    • 760 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    In America the center beating heart of politics is elections. Without elections the whole political process would be totally different and far from democratic. Elections is where political government officials careers start and end. The fact that they are so important, means they are the most deeply focused on and criticized on their organization. This paper will focus on the debate of partisan or nonpartisan elections, and prominent voter factors.…

    • 886 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    The Lonely Conservative. (2012). Labor Unions Outspend All Special Interest Groups in Election. Retrieved from http://loneyconservative.com…

    • 632 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Lobbyist and interest group in Texas are spending millions of dollars on food and beverage and thousands of dollars on entrainment. This is outrageous amount of dollars that they could be spending on something useful instead. In my opinion there should be a tougher restrictions and more strict oversight on interest groups. Interests group are more influenced over public policy with large sums of money for elections. The wealthy interest is more focused on other factor than what the rest of the American people want. “For example the public is looking for keeping tax low on capital gains, mobility among the low-income citizens, and raising the minimum wages to support their families”(Demos). As public if we are limited to how much money…

    • 469 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Secondly, In Texas standard of living increases because of a low cost of living. There is no personal and corporate income tax. That's the reason of less taxes than New Jersey. 7% of income can more be saved just moving to Texas. In New Jersey buying house is a dream, whereas in Texas real estates are cheaper. If one wants to start a new business they can easily start in Texas as its most developing state, less startup money and easy to find employees. Even prices of food, rent, health care are less expensive than in New Jersey. In New Jersey, traffic is extremely crazy whereas in Texas traffic and toll taxes are less, and roads are newly constructed. Most of the people in Texas spend less time in travelling than people in New Jersey. As a…

    • 165 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    The top individual income tax rate is 45 percent, and the top corporate tax rate is 30 percent. Other taxes include a value-added tax and a capital gains tax. Total tax revenues equal about 27 percent of the domestic economy. A controversial carbon tax has been repealed. Government expenditures equal 35.7 percent of the economy, and public debt is equivalent to less than 30 percent of…

    • 774 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays

Related Topics