Freund

Topics: Sociology, Deviance, Social philosophy Pages: 20 (5420 words) Published: April 10, 2010
Creating Deviance Rules: A Macroscopic Model Author(s): Ronald J. Troyer and Gerald E. Markle Source: The Sociological Quarterly, Vol. 23, No. 2 (Spring, 1982), pp. 157-169 Published by: Blackwell Publishing on behalf of the Midwest Sociological Society Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4106327 Accessed: 16/11/2009 09:18 Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use, available at http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp. JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use provides, in part, that unless you have obtained prior permission, you may not download an entire issue of a journal or multiple copies of articles, and you may use content in the JSTOR archive only for your personal, non-commercial use. Please contact the publisher regarding any further use of this work. Publisher contact information may be obtained at http://www.jstor.org/action/showPublisher?publisherCode=black. Each copy of any part of a JSTOR transmission must contain the same copyright notice that appears on the screen or printed page of such transmission. JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new forms of scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org.

Blackwell Publishing and Midwest Sociological Society are collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extend access to The Sociological Quarterly.

http://www.jstor.org

The SociologicalQuarterly (Spring1982):157-169 23

Deviance Rules: Creating A Macroscopic Model*
RonaldJ. Troyer,Drake University GeraldE. Markle,Western MichiganUniversity In this paperwe proposea macrolevel the modelfor analyzing creationof deviance rules.We begin by placingthe phenomenon withinthe contextof the social factist and social definitionist the sociological traditions, identifying insightsand difficulties the socialproblems We rule creation. sugliterature for deviance presents explaining difficulties be resolvedby placingthe processwithina can gest that the theoretical The consequent dialecticalmodel of deviance framework. sociologyof knowledge is that society is composedof a numberof designation based on the assumption in of definitions deviance generalinterests varying degreesof conflictwithprevailing outcomes previous of This balanceor accommodation contests. becomes representing vulnerable with the introduction increasein strainwhich is a potentialresource or for interest a The groupsdesiring new definition. outcomeof the ensuingconflictis seen as dependent the abilityof the combatants employresources the battle. in on to We concludeby identifying advantages model has for studying deviance the the the rulecreation process. of This is how I treat theory: it is somethingto guide our understanding the social world; it helps us throughthe labyrinthof the buzzingconfusion of conflictingideologies, and, most of all, theory liberatesus from dead facts and worn-out myths. (Davis 1980:xv) But since those sociologistswho espouse a strong and explicit determinism,and those who practice the techniquesof "verstehen," "empathy,"and "takingthe actor'spoint of view," differ upon so very many issues, technical and otherwise, the present suggestions are more likely to be treated as a pollution of the boundarybetween schools of thought than as a pathway to agreement. (Barnes, 1974:83-84) For decades the sociology of deviance focused on rule violation. This approach produced works on rule violators, described which rules were violated and how they were violated, and, arguably, why they were violated. Largely neglected in this work was the process by which rules were created; that is, the process by which deviant categories and designations were constructed. Recently scholars have begun to focus attention on this issue, resulting in...

References: Barnes, Barry. 1974. ScientificKnowledgeand SociologicalTheory. London: Routledgeand Kegan Paul. Becker, Howard S. 1963. Outsiders:Studiesin the Sociology of Deviance. New York: Free Press. and the critiqueof Marxismon law and crime." Social Problems26:373Beirne, Piers. 1979. "Empiricism
85.
Berger, Peter L., and Thomas Luckmann.1966. The Social Constructionof Reality. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday. Block, Fred. 1978. "The rulingclass does not rule." Pp. 128-40 in RichardQuinney,ed., CapitalistSociety: Readingsfor a CriticalSociology.Homewood,Ill.: Dorsey. Bloor, David. 1976. Knowledgeand Social Imagery.London: Routledgeand Kegan Paul. Blummer,Herbert. 1962. "Society as symbolic interaction."Pp. 179-92 in Arnold Rose, ed., Human Behaviorand Social Processes.Boston:HoughtonMiffltin. 1971."Socialproblemsas collectivebehavior."Social Problems18:298-306. ---. Chambliss,William J. 1964. "A sociologicalanalysisof the law of vagrancy."Social Problems12:67-77. . 1974. "The state, the law, and the definitionof behavior as criminalor delinquent."Pp. 7-42 in Daniel Glaser, ed., Handbookof Criminology. Bobbs-Merrill. Indianapolis: Collins, Randall. 1975. ConflictSociology: TowardAn ExplanatoryScience. New York: AcademicPress. Conrad, Peter. 1975. "The discovery of hyperkinesis:notes on the medicalizationof deviant behavior." Social Problems23:12-21. , and JosephW. Schneider.1980.Deviance and Medicalization:From Badnessto Sickness.St. Louis: Mosby. Davis, F. James. 1975. "Beliefs, values, power, and public definitionsof deviance."Pp. 50-59 in F. James Davis and RichardStivers,eds., The CollectiveDefinitionof Deviance. New York: Free Press. of Davis, Nanette J. 1980. SociologicalConstruction Deviance:Perspectivesand Issues in the Field. 2d ed. Dubuque,Iowa: Wm. C. Brown. and morality:an organizational perspectiveon a moral crusade." Dickson, Donald T. 1968. "Bureaucracy Social Problems16:143-56. Freidson,Eliot. 1970.Proessionof Medicine.New York: Dodd, Mead. Galliher,John F. 1978. "The politics of systematicresearcherror: the case of the Federal Bureauof Narcotics as a moralentrepreneur." Crimeand Social Justice10:29-33. , and Allyn Walter. 1977. "The puzzle of the social origins of the MarihuanaTax Act of 1937." Social Problems24:367-76. TheoreticalMethodsin Social History. American Graft, Harvey J. 1980. Review of ArthurJ. Stinchcombe, Journalof Sociology85:1442-46. Gusfield, Joseph. 1963. Symbolic Crusade: Status Politics and the AmericanTemperanceMovement.Urbana: Universityof Illinois Press. -. 1967. "Moral passage: the symbolic process in public designationsof deviance."Social Problems 15:175-88. delinquency:social history, political ideology, and Hagan, John, and Jeffery Leon. 1977. "Rediscovering the sociologyof law." AmericanSociologicalReview42:587-98.
CreatingDevianceRules 169
Hawkins, Richard, and Gard Tiedman. 1975. The Creation of Deviance. Columbus, Ohio: Charles E. Merrill. Jenkins, J. Craig, and Charles Perrow. 1977. "Insurgencyand the powerless: farm worker movements (1946-1972)."AmericanSociologicalReview42:249-68. Lauderdale,Pat, ed. 1980. A Political Analysis of Deviance. Minneapolis:Universityof MinnesotaPress. , and James Inverarity.1980a. "From apoliticalto political analysesof deviance."Pp. 15-44 in Pat Lauderdale,ed., A Political Analysis of Deviance. Minneapolis:Universityof MinnesotaPress. . 1980b. "Afterword: suggestionfor the study of the political dimensionsof deviancedefinition."Pp. 221-37 in Pat Lauderdale, ed., A Political Analysisof Deviance. Minneapolis:Universityof Minnesota. Levine, Harry Gene. 1978. "The discoveryof addiction: changingconceptionsof habitual drunkenness in America."Journalof Studieson Alcohol 39:143-74. McCrea, Frances B., and Gerald E. Markle. 1981. "The estrogen replacementcontroversyin the United States and Great Britain: differentanswersto the same question?"Paper presentedat the AnnualMeeting of the Societyfor the Social Studiesof Science,Toronto. Mannheim, Karl. 1936. Ideology and Utopia. Translatedby Louis With and Edward Shils. New York: Harcourt,Brace and World. Markle, Gerald E., and James C. Petersen. 1980. Politics, Science, and Cancer: The LaetrilePhenomenon. Boulder,Colo.: WestviewPress. , 1981. "Controversiesin science and technology: a protocol for comparativeresearch." Science Technologyand HumanValues 6:25-30. Markle, Gerald C., and Ronald J. Troyer. 1979. "Smoke gets in your eyes: cigarettesmoking as deviant behavior."Social Problems26:611-25. J. Mauss, ArmandL. 1975. Social Problemsas Social Movements.Philadelphia: B. Lippincott. Sociology6:602-606. . 1977.Reviewof social problemsbooks. Contemporary , and Julie Camile Wolfe. 1977. This Land of Promises.Philadelphia:J. B. Lippincott. of Neuhring, Elaine, and Gerald E. Markle. 1974. "Nicotine and norms: the re-emergence a deviant behavior." Social Problems21:513-26. Oberschall,Anthony. 1973. Social Conflictand Social Movements.EnglewoodCliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall. Pfohl, StephenJ. 1977. "The discoveryof child abuse." Social Problems24:310-23. Platt, Anthony M. 1969. The Child Savers: The Inventionof Delinquency.Chicago: Universityof Chicago Press. 1974. "The triumphof benevolence:the originsof the juvenilejustice systemin the United States." -. Pp. 356-89 in RichardQuinney,ed., CriminalJusticein America.Boston: Little, Brownand Company. Ritzer, George. 1975. Sociology: A MultipleParadigmScience. Boston: Allyn and Bacon. Roby, Pamela A. 1969. "Politics and criminallaw: revisionof the New York State penal law on prostitution." Social Problems17:83-109. Rose, Vicki McNickle. 1977. "The rise of the rape problem."Pp. 167-95 in ArmandL. Mauss and Julie CamileWolfe, eds., This Land of Promises.Philadelphia: B. Lippincott. J. Social Schneider,Joseph W. 1978. "Deviant drinkingas disease: alcoholismas a social accomplishment." Problems25:361-72. Schur,EdwinM. 1980.The Politics of Deviance: StigmaContestsand the Uses of Power.EnglewoodCliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall. Smelser, Neil J. 1962. Theory of CollectiveBehavior.New York: Free Press of Glencoe. Social Problems.Menlo Park, Calif.: Cummings. Spector,Malcolm,and John T. Kitsuse. 1977. Constructing Stinchcombe,ArthurL. 1978. TheoreticalMethodsin Social History. New York: AcademicPress. Robert G. Cushing,and CharlesG. Bowman. 1977. "The antiZurcher,Louis A., R. George Kirkpatrick, a pornography campaign: symboliccrusade."Social Problems19:217-38.
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Essay about animal testing ethical dilemma

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free