top-rated free essay

Final Solutions

By tabassum80 May 04, 2013 675 Words
IAN novel writing in English is a living and evolving literary genre. It is richer in content, wider and variegated in range. Before Independence, their subject matter was inescapably political but after Independence a clear shift has been marked in their focus and one can easily find that human relationships, social issues, gender equations and other important issues like futility of existence, alienation, Diaspora and psychosomatic issues have become the main concerns of the novelists.  Not only in the history of India but also in the history of the world, the Partition of India has been documented as the most lethal incidence, the entire humanity has ever witnessed. Indubitably, the partition loiters as an unforgettable event, not only for its political significance in the emergence of the Sovereignties of India and Pakistan, but also for its lasting impact of monstrosity and horrific emotional duress.  The people, who had never been out of their confined parishes for ages together, were suddenly coerced to choose a country. It is believed that history books on the incident of partition do not record lively and passionately the pain, trauma and sufferings of those who had to part from their kith and kin, friends and neighbours, the deepening nostalgia for places of those who had lived in for generations, the anguish of those devotees who got removed from their places of worship and the harrowing experiences of those countless people who boarded trains thinking they would be transported to the realization of their dreams but of whom not a man, woman or child survived the journey. But if we go through the literature written on the tragedy of partition particularly in the form of novel, one can find that the issues before and after partition have been discoursed in a such a manner that one feels with that unfortunate lot of people who  passed though the trauma  of the partition. The novelists, who have dealt with this tragic incident, simultaneously have attempted to explore other issues pertaining to human destiny touching the universal problems which are larger than the bloody bath of the partition.  Khuswant Singh was the first Indian novelist in English to write about the horror and holocaust of partition with great artistic concern in the Train to Pakistan. It is not partition which becomes symbolic of the attraction and attention in the novel but certainly, the bitterness and sympathy in the novelist’s attitude, and the strange impression that he was simultaneously inside the action as a participant and outside it as a dispassionate observer. It is therefore, surprising that the Train to Pakistan is both a grim and pathetic tale of individuals and communities caught in the swirl of partition. The novel in fact implies that the disintegration of Mano Majra and its harmony is not the collapse of a nation but it is the breakdown and falling apart of the mankind. The novel remains a remarkable study in objectivity because the novelist does not act in a partisan way. He blames neither the Hindus nor the Muslims for the tragic happening and is firm to believe that the partition is not partition of territory but it is partition of hearts and souls of the people.  Conclusively, not only the Train to Pakistan but also all the novels written on the partition present a realistic show of the tribulations the people underwent on account of the violence let loose by a spurt of sudden communal occurrences. The novelists feel that politics was responsible for human slaughter from all sides and any particular side could not be made responsible for ugly and repugnant series of events. Their approach in the novels has remained objective in the sense that all have tried to expose human nature and its capability of perpetrating cruelty and barbarism on its own creed. Certainly, the novels prove that the traumatic experiences of the partition have shaken their writers to roots and made them restive to give vent to their indignation at the terrible holocaust which claimed a huge loss of innocent human lives.

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • When Did the Nazi's Decide Upon the Final Solution?

    ...When did the Nazis decide on the Final Solution? Critically discuss. ‘The Holocaust’ marked the largest genocide recorded in modern history. Approximately 6 million Jews were slaughtered during the World War II time period. The mass killing of innocent Jews was the result of a complex web of economic, social, political and military course...

    Read More
  • Ordinary Men: Reserve Police Battalion 101 and the Final Solution in Poland Book Review

    ...History 100E 11.14.13 Ordinary Men: Reserve Police Battalion 101 and the Final Solution in Poland Book Review Not only did the Holocaust present the murders against many Jews, but it acted as more of a testimony of murders committed against humanity in general. The Holocaust single-handedly wiped out a significant number of Jewish population...

    Read More
  • ‘the Final Solution Evolved Because of the Chaotic Nature of the Nazi Regime in the Years 1939-42.’ How Far Do You Agree with This Opinion?

    ...‘The Final Solution evolved because of the chaotic nature of the Nazi regime in the years 1939-42.’ How far do you agree with this opinion? The Final Solution is the most controversial topic of German History as its origination is not clean cut, whilst it would be simple to place emphasis on Hitler and his World View for the destruction of ...

    Read More
  • final solution

    ...Volume : 1 | Issue : 10 | October 2012 ISSN - 2250-1991 Social Science Research Paper Mahesh Dattani’s ‘Final Solutions’: A Quest For Solutions To The Communal Problems In India *Mosarraf Hossain * Fazila Manzil (flat-4/B) Aman apartment, 21/49, kuttitola, Malda-732101 ABSTRACT India is a country of communal diversity. The...

    Read More
  • Refining Solutions

    ...Refining Solutions Paper How can I express myself and get the individual group to openly receive and understand the message that is being sent? That was the original problem. Some solutions would be to try and calm down before speaking to someone making sure I speak clearly and be confident when I am speaking to others not to proud but just...

    Read More
  • Problem/Solution Essay

    ...One measure that can be taken to solve the coyote problem is to kill all of the coyotes. Although this is a viable solution and would most likely solve the problem. This solution would be deemed inhumane by many people and would be met with lots of resistance. This solution would also interfere with police work. For example, if someone were to c...

    Read More
  • final

    ...osmosis to occur. This is the process of movement of particles from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration. Hypotonic, hypertonic, and isotonic are the three terms that we use to describe a solute concentrations relatively to another solute concentration. The tonicity depends on the level of solutes within the cell and...

    Read More
  • Spectrophotometric Analysis of Kmno4 Solution

    ...determine the unknown concentration of potassium permanganate (KMnO4) solution by finding its absorbance through the use of spectrophotometer. The preparation of four known concentration of KMnO4 was done namely, 2.00×10-4M, 1.50×10-4M, 1.00×10-4M, 5.00×10-5M, respectively and is to be place on the spectrophotometer with the unknown and dist...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.