Female Pioneers of Medicine and
By Emma noon 9PA and Noa Kusman 9GB
∗ Florence was born in Italy on 12th May named after the Italian city. She then moved to England with her family.
∗ In Victorian Britain, poor women worked in factories or as servants
∗ Rich women like Florence were expected to marry and look after the home, maybe do charity work
∗ Florence was very religious. From the age of 16 she believed God wanted her to do important work. When she was 22, a
young writer asked her to marry him. After seven years making up her mind, Florence said no.
Dreams of Nursing
∗ Florence was rich and could do anything she wanted. However she chose to be a nurse
∗ Her parents said no as they knew that hospitals were dirty and horrible and a place where many people died
∗ Doctors did operations with no anaesthetic
∗ Her parents did not want her to be nurse as nurses were not respectable or trained
∗ Florence's parents sent her away to Italy to forget about nursing
Becoming a Nurse
∗ There she met Sidney Herbert and he told her that the rich should help the poor so she was now determined to become a
∗ Florence went to Germany in 1851 to a Christian nursing
school for women
∗ She trained for three months and loved it
∗ In 1853 a rich friend asked Florence to run a London hospital for 'Invalid Gentlewomen'.
∗ There was no pay, but Mr Nightingale gave her money
∗ She made lots of useful changes in the hospital.
∗ At home, when her father and sister became ill, Florence nursed them.
The Crimea War
1854, the Crimean war broke out.
Britain, France and Turkey went to war against Russia
The Crimea was part of Russia so Britain went to the war in ships People back home in England read about the war in the newspaper The reporter, Howard Russell, for the times wrote about the hunger and cold and that there was no proper medical care
∗ These conditions became worse after every battle, army hospitals were filled with the wounded
∗ Without nurses, soldiers were dying from their wounds and also disease
Nursing in Crimea
∗ Sidney Herbert was now a minister for war and he asked
Florence to lead a team of nurse to the Crimea
∗ Florence and her 38 nurses arrived in November of 1854
∗ At first the army doctors wanted nothing to di with them ∗ Florence would not go away however so eventually the
doctors let them work in the hospital at Scutari
∗ The hospital was dirty and overcrowded
∗ There was not enough beds and men were lying all over the floors
∗ Drains were blocked and over flowing
∗ Rats were everywhere and the spread of disease was rife
∗ Patients ate bread that was green with mould and meat that was like leather
∗ Without good food and clean environment and medical
supplies, the men were not getting better
Florence worked 20 hours a day
She went to town to buy fresh food
She started to clean the kitchens
A French chef came to cook better food (Alexis Soyer)
Florence paid workmen to clean the drains
Soon the hospitals were in better condition and less men
The Lady With The Lamp
∗ At night Florence walked around the wards,
to make sure the men were comfortable.
She sat with dying soldiers. She wrote
letters home for men who could not write.
She carried a lantern, so the soldiers called
her 'The Lady with the Lamp'.
∗ People in Britain began to give money to a fund to help the ‘nightingale nurses’
∗ When Florence came home in 1856 people called he a heroine ∗ The sultan of turkey sent her a diamond bracelet and queen Victoria wrote her a letter of thanks
∗ Florence then went to Derbyshire and called herself miss smith as she didn’t want to be known
∗ Later, Florence met queen Victoria and told her what was wrong with the army hospitals and how to make them better
and more hygienic
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