Fayol and Mintzberg
The aim of this project is to highlight what management is all about. Management is a vague term which many theorists have different interpretation. It has become an important part of our society and also in our daily activities. Based on my research, management is the process of getting activities completed efficiently and effectively with and through people. In this essay, I will be comparing and contrasting the views of management with two profound theorists, Fayol and Mintzberg. But before I do so I would like to give you a historical background on these theorists and also the approach each theorist takes to describe on their theory. However, these two theorists are like two sides of a coin. The objective of this essay is to show the similarities and differences between Fayol’s and Mintzberg’s views of management in order to enrich the reader’s knowledge in advance. Henri Fayol (1841 – 1925) was the first father of management and was a managing director for a French mining company. He was seen as a critical contributor to classical school of management theory. His French management theorist believed that management is an acquired skill that can be taught where human skills is apply to system, not systems apply to people. He describes management as functions based on his personal observation and experience in the work force, while Henry Mintzberg has different opinion. Henry Mintzberg is an internationally renowned academic and author on business and management with over 140 articles and thirteen books written. He believes that management is things that manager encounter on the job. That’s how he came up with the roles of management. Fayol has five functions of management; planning, commanding, coordinating and controlling. These functions are to predict the future, plan for the future, developing different technique structure, managing activities, send information to staff members and make sure that things go according to what plan...
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