Explanations of Human Behaviour: the Psychodynamic and Cognitive Theories.
This essay will purport to discuss the case study of Suzy. Suzy presents with symptoms of two mood disorders, namely depression and anxiety. The two theoretical perspectives that will be used are Psychodynamic theory and Cognitive theory. Suzy’s depression and anxiety present with certain symptoms. These symptoms, as well as the behaviour that results, will be explained and analysed using firstly the psychodynamic theory which will then be compared and contrasted with cognitive theory.
Depression presents with intense emotional depression for about two weeks. The person will start to feel extremely sad, worthless, fatigued and empty. They will have no positive thoughts and can even have thoughts of not wanting to live anymore. Anxiety becomes an issue when it is so severe that it doesn’t allow people from doing what they want or need to do –the person stresses and worries constantly. Suzy presents us with both these mood disorders (Coon and Mitterer, 2012, pg, 564).
Psychoanalytic theories hold that depression is caused by repressed anger (Coon and Mitterer, 2012, pg, 564). This rage is displaced by turned inward self, blame and self-hate.
Sigismund Schlomo Freud (1856-1939), proposed that the mind is like an iceberg -much of what goes on inside the mind lies under the surface. This is the preconscious and unconscious mind. The conscious mind is logical; whereas the unconscious mind is not and is ruled by pleasure-seeking (id).The unconscious mind expresses itself indirectly through example, dreams. Conflicts between the id, ego and superego create anxiety. The ego protects itself with ego defences (Sammons, 2009, pg, 31). These defences can be the cause of disturbed behaviour if they are over used which seem to be the case with Suzy.
In Suzy’s case, the psychodynamic theory would say that Suzy has repressed or pushed painful memories deep down into her unconscious mind, leading to
References: Coon, D and Mitterer, J. O. (2012). Introduction to Psychology- Active Learning Through Modules. Wadsworth: Cengage Learning. McLeod, S. (2007). Psychodynamic Approach. http://www.simplypsychology.org/psychodynamic.html. [Accessed: 09/03/2012]. Sammons, A. (2009), The Psychodynamic Approach. http://www.zipdf.com/view.php?id=http://onlineclassroom.tv/files/posts/the_psychodynamic_approach_free_chapter/document00/WJEC_AS_Ch_03.pdf&k=the psychodynamic approach. [Accessed: 09/03/2012].