Dwelling On a Negative Past will
Bring A Negative Future
In the short story “Eveline” by James Joyce a young women faces a hard decision in life. She is greatly influenced by outside sources and the reader is shown a personal side of Eveline dilemma. While facing an internal debate, James Joyce uses literary elements to enhance his writing and appease to all the reader senses. By using these literary elements he shows that a lack of courage can bind many people to a routine unhappy lifestyle.
Eveline hesitates to have the life she knows so well, the only life she’ss ever known, the only home she’s ever known. One reason is because she made a promise to her death bed. James Joyce uses the literary elemnts of a flashback memory filled with imagery: “Down far in the avenue she could hear a street organ playing. She knew the air. Strange that it should come that very night to remind her of the promise to her mother, her promise to keep the home together as long as she could. She remembered the last night of her mother’s illness; she was again in the close dark room at the other side of the hall and outside she heard a melancholy air Italy. The organ-player had been ordered to go away and given sixpence. She remembered her father strutting back into the sickroom saying: “Damned Italians! Come over here! (13)”. Eveline shows a lack of courage because even though her mother and one brother are dead, one brother is never really home and her father is an abusive. She still hesitates to go to a clearly better life. Many people in the world do similar things and hold themselves back because a lack of courage. James Joyce shows the fear in Eveline that literly holds her back from making the health deision to leave home and go live with Frank. As her courage lacks on, James Joyce uses metaphors and personification to help the reader really feel her terror of leaving home: “Her distress awoke nausea in her body and she kept moving her lips in slient fervent prayer. A bell...
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