Ethnicity and patterns of Health and Illness

Topics: United Kingdom, Ethnic group, Demography Pages: 4 (612 words) Published: July 8, 2015
Ethnicity and patterns of Health and Illness

Age standardised 'not good' health rates: by ethnic group and sex, April 2001, England & Wales

Pakistani and Bangladeshi men and women in England and Wales reported the highest rates of 'not good' health in 2001.

Pakistanis had age-standardised rates of 'not good' health of 13 per cent (men) and 17 per cent (women). The age-standardised rates for Bangladeshis were 14 per cent (men) and 15 per cent (women). These rates, which take account of the difference in age structures between the ethnic groups, were around twice that of their White British counterparts. Chinese men and women were the least likely to report their health as 'not good'.

Women were more likely than men to rate their health as 'not good' across all groups, apart from the White Irish and those from other ethnic groups.

Reporting poor health has been shown to be strongly associated with use of health services and mortality. White Irish and Pakistani women in England had higher GP contact rates than women in the general population. Bangladeshi men were three times more likely to visit their GP than men in the general population after standardising for age.

Infant Mortality Rates by Ethnicity and Term, 2011 Birth Cohort, England and Wales

The baby’s ethnic group is taken from the birth notification and is as stated by the mother. For babies born in 2011, the highest percentage of births before 37 weeks gestation occurred in the Black Caribbean (10.0%), Black African (8.1%) and Bangladeshi (7.9%) ethnic groups. The lowest percentages were for the White Other and all other groups (6.2% and 7.0% respectively). Infant mortality rates were highest in the Pakistani (8.5 deaths per 1,000 live births), Black Caribbean (7.4 deaths per 1,000 live births) and Black African (6.8 deaths per 1,000 live births) groups. They were lowest in the White Other and White British groups (3.1 and 3.7 deaths per 1,000 live births respectively). There...
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