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History Question #1- Driver –It is important to remember that social identities and personal identities are shaped by the history of a culture. According to Ireland-Now.com (Ireland-Now.com) an online travel guide, the earliest settlers came to Ireland at about 6500 B.C. They were hunter-gatherers that constructed settlements along river valleys in the northern part of the country. By 3500 B.C. the Irish culture had begun to take shape into a more sophisticated agricultural society. In 400 A.D. the island was assimilated by the Celts. In 431 who, according to Catholic Online (Catholic Online), was sent by Pope Celestine, to Ireland as their first bishop to begin the conversion of the Irish peoples to Christianity?
History Question #1 discussion answers –Passenger 2. Well, he would have to be someone high up in the church. Someone who later became a Saint for his work. Passenger 1. St Patrick. He is the most famous Irish Catholic. He had to have been sent to Ireland to convert the pagans to Christianity. That has to be why we have St. Patrick’s day! Passenger 3. Hmmmmm…. I think I remember hearing somewhere that it was St Andrew. No, wait ,I think He was is the patron Saint for Scotland, wasn’t he? Now I'm not sure. Passenger 2 Wait! I remember reading this in one of our religious studies classes at school. I think it was St Palladius. He was an early Irish missionary, the first bishop of Ireland, and the immediate predecessor to St. Patrick (Catholic Online). All Agree.
History Answer #2 – Driver. So you are going with St Palladius? Wow. You know your saints! That’s right it was Palladuis who, in 431, was sent as first bishop to the Christians of Ireland.
History Question #2- Driver- Early Irish culture was dominated by a masculine value pattern where men went to war and provided for the family through hunting/gathering and farming. The masculine value pattern is still primarily true in modern day Ireland. According Phillip Gavin in a paper posted to The History Place.com (Gavin), in the 1800’s Ireland was an agricultural nation, populated by eight million persons who were among the poorest people in the Western World. Only about a quarter of the population could read and write. Life expectancy was short, just 40 years for men. The Irish married quite young and tended to have large families, although infant mortality was also quite high. Starting in what year did over a million men, women and children die, and for what reason, from an unknown source?
History Question #2 discussion answers- Passenger 1. It could have been the The Tithe War. This was a period of rural insurgency over the payment of tithes to the Established Church. Passenger 3. No, that doesn’t sound like it would kill that many people. It had to be something bigger. Passenger 2. The Irish War of Independence. That was a guerrilla war started by the IRA, the Irish Republican Army, against the British government . Passenger 3 Yeah, I think that was it. It had to be a pretty big war if it was against the British and it probably lasted several years so the deaths of that many people had to have been from a war like that. All Agree
History Answer #2- Driver - So your answer is The Irish War of Independence? Oooohhhh… Sorry. It was The Irish Potato Famine that caused the death of over a million people in Ireland starting in 1845 and lasing six years. The Famine actually began as leaves on potato plants suddenly turned black and curled, then rotted, seemingly the result of a fog that had wafted across the fields of Ireland. The cause was actually an airborne fungus transported in the holds of ships traveling from North America to England. As winds from southern England carried the fungus to the countryside around Dublin the blight began to spread. (Gavin)
Art Question #1 –Driver – Ethnic Identity is an important part of Ireland’s cultural survival. Ireland’s culture is one that...
Cited: Catholic Online. 2012. 20 10 2012 .
Corrigan, J. Robert. ClanCorrigan.ca. 21 10 2012 .
Gavin, Philip. Irish Potato Famine. 12 June 2000. 20 10 2012 .
Ireland-Now.com. 2012. 20 10 2012 .
Ryan, Michael. JSTOR. October 1997. 21 10 2012 .
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