Transport in Himachal Pradesh
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The development of tribal areas in Himachal Pradesh is one of the major steps taken by the state government for its economic development. The border districts of Kinnaur, Lahaul, Spiti and the Pangi and Brahmour tehsils of Chamba districts are the major tribal areas of the state. They are located near the borders of Tibet. Due to poor accessibility, life in these areas had grown in isolation.
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|1 History and development |
|2 Geography |
|3 Roads |
|4 Railway |
|5 Air |
|6 References |
|7 External links |
History and development
Kinnaur was opened up in the early 1960s with the completion of the Hindustan-Tibet National highway. Lahaul was opened up in the late 1960s with the construction of roads over Rohtang pass. Lahaul is only in contact due to high passes like Rohtang (4,000 m, 13,050 ft), Kunzum (4,600 m, 14,913 ft) andBaralarcha (4,300 m, 14,000 ft). Spiti is a cold desert and is a very underdeveloped area. The building up of an efficient transport system was the top most priority in the first Five year plan. The state has two airports at Bhintar in Kullu district, and at Jubbarhatti near Shimla. It was only by January 1991 that Himachal was linked up with the broad gauge system by extending the Delhi-Nangal rail line. Although railways and airways in Himachal serve very limited transport needs of the people, the road network of the state makes it unique.
The geography of Himachal presents considerable challenge to the development of transport infrastructure. Nevertheless, the state has made significant progress in road connectivity in the last few...
References: 4. ^ Hughes, H., (1994) Indian Locomotives Part 3, Narrow Gauge, 1863-1940. The Continental Railway Circle, Harrow, UK. ISBN 0-9521655-0-3
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