The negative effects of urbanisation outweigh the positive. To what extent do you agree with this statement? About urbanisation, maybe different academic circles have different perceive, they depends their specialized characteristics to definition. But in general condition, urbanisation likely the increase in the proportion of people living in towns and cities. And the definition of urbanisation is ‘Urbanisation is the process by which large numbers of people become permanently concentrated in relatively small areas, forming cities. Internal rural to urban migration means that people move from rural areas to urban areas.’ (Long1998) ‘In this procedure, numbers of people augment in cities than in countryside. If the population growth in cities more than village, the natural increase of urbanisation will be happen. However this condition is infrequence. When more than 50% of population lives in the country, it will be regard to urbanized.’ (Long1998). Greatest urbanisation occurs in developing nations. As Anthony and Overman(2005) points out that ‘Rapid urbanisation is a major feature of developing countries. Some 2 billion more people are likely to become city residents in the next 30 years, yet urbanisation has received little attention in the modern development economics literature.’ This essay will explain why negative effects of urbanisation outweigh the positive, and attempt to propose some reason which can support this viewpoint.
Urbanisation has a long history, and began with the industrial revolution. A study by Potter and Lloyd-Evan (1998:PP.3-11) indicate that ‘In history, Industrialization and urbanisation happened together, but the relation has lasted for 600 years, since the first town appeared, has a radically change over the past four decades.’ ‘In the 19th and early 20th centuries, urban growth was occurring mainly in the developed nations. The reason for this was the spread of industrialization and the associated rapid increase in the use...
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