Chapter 21 Atmospheric Pollution
MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.
1) Acid precipitation refers
A) to any precipitation which is more acidic than neutral.
B) to any precipitation which is more acidic than normal.
C) only to precipitation which is strongly acidic.
D) to a new kind of irrigation.
E) to a precipitation which causes particularly severe erosion.
2) The chemical component which is responsible for BASIC properties is
A) hydroxyl ions (OH-).
B) sulfur oxide (SO).
C) hydrogen ions (H+).
D) nitrogen oxide (NO).
E) carbon dioxide.
3) The pH of normal precipitation is
A) slightly acidic.
B) slightly basic.
C) exactly neutral.
D) strongly basic.
E) not known.
4) Acid precipitation
A) is always limited to an area within a mile or so of the source of emissions.
B) is generally limited to an area within a few (3 - 5) miles of the source of emissions.
C) is generally limited to an area within several (6 - 15) miles from the source of emissions.
D) may occur hundreds of miles from the source of emissions.
E) affects the whole globe uniformly.
5) Which of the following statements is/are NOT TRUE?
A) There are already hundreds of lakes in the northeastern United States and eastern Canada which are lifeless.
B) It is predicted that by the year 2005, the "production" of acid rain will have diminished.
C) Forests in many regions of the eastern United States show signs of damage and reduced growth.
D) More research is needed to prove acid precipitation exists.
E) All of the above are true.
6) Which of the following is the major contributor to the formation of acid rain?
C) sulfur dioxide
D) carbon dioxide
7) The major source of sulfur dioxide emissions affecting the eastern United States and Canada has been identified