Research paper for Training and Development.
The purpose of this research is to examine the factors, which motivate employees, what are their personal goals and how this motivation could be increased in order to enhance organization's performance. This research aims to analyse, which factors motivate workers and what could inspire them to fruitfully perform, hence to increase effectiveness of the organization by pursuing its objectives. Based on theoretical aspects of motivation, this research will also present a number of techniques to be implemented in order to increase employees' motivation. Employee motivation has always been the most vital and important issue for all the companies, managers and leaders. The most successful and profitable companies are those with the most motivated and productive employees. And visa versa, unmotivated, apathetic employees with no effort and desire to reach the goals and actualize him/herself are usually a heavy burden for the employer and for organization, as they always weigh the company down and make it suffer from losses. There have been many studies on motivation and the problems that are directly dealing with it, which suggest different methods and practices on how to make employees motivated.
Motivation is one of the core issues for every organization, which goes along with planning, organizing and controlling. So, the managers should clearly identify the main pillars of motivation, which do not include only the matter of incentives, salary and bonuses, as many managers mistakenly think. Employees’ performance does not necessarily depend on incentive programs, nor does it mainly depend on performance appraisals, commission pay or production. Managers should also bear in mind that employees find motivation in their own successful performance, an adequate feedback and even in a friendly and supportive atmosphere within the organization. Understanding of these issues could help some companies spend less on recruiting and training new employees as well as by loosing customers as the reason of the employees’ mal-practice. As a manager in my family’s company I would like to learn more about employee motivation and about different motivation techniques that could be implemented in order to motivate and direct employees to achieve their goals and the goals of the company. It is clear that employees’ motivation at its core depends on their experience, abilities and environment, but also they are managers who could enhance employees’ motivation, by understanding first of all the human’s nature before setting goals and by creating a certain atmosphere at the workplace, which would make employees willing to do their job and strive for results. While doing this research I will go through the analysis of theories and motivation models. I will dicuss motivation theories such as Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, Douglas McGregor's Theory X and Theory Y, McClelland's Need theory, The Two-factor theory by Herzberg and Vroom's Expectancy theory. Thus, this research will cover the basic aspects of motivation within the frameworks of theory and will show how the theory could be correlated to the real life and it could be implemented in practice. The theoretical approach is the key to understanding how different life patterns influence employees’ motivation and help it to grow.
II. Literature review.
According to Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, the basis for human’s needs is worked out in psychological terms as they are all about human survival.1 Safety needs is about protection, then go social needs such as acceptance. These first three are the basic needs, after which there go ego needs, such as self-esteem and self-actualization.2 All the levels in this hierarchy are interrelated and actually this is what a human being is made of. From this perspective...
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