This paper discusses what motivation is and how it can be utilized to optimize performance in a work setting, the different motivational theories will be discussed as well as their affect on employee’s behavior. It intends to outline a fictitious organizations proposed incentive and motivation plans for their employees.
Keywords: motivation theory, organizational development, incentive plans, motivation
MOTIVATIONAL PAPER: MOTIVATION THEORIES 3
Motivation is a crucial yet invisible force that all managers and organizations seek to conquer, however one must first understand what it is that goes into motivating employees, and how to optimize the company’s motivation factors. If a company puts zero emphasis or effort into motivating their employees they will end up having a staff that works far below their potential. Furthermore, if employees in a company have no motivation to do their job well their work can end up sloppy and produce results that are substandard. Some motivational forces are beyond anyone’s control, which mostly consist of personal factors that influence an employee’s actions at work. But there are a set of motivational factors that can and should be influenced at the workplace. I will be focusing on Zenza Corp and the employee motivation issues within the company, their main departments fall under three categories, sales, administration and production. The motivational theories that should be applied to these departments will be outlined in order to enable Zenza Corp to better motivate their employees and get the results that they need as an organization.
As the book Management Theory discusses there are many factors that go into motivation, but they fall into two separate and distinct categories internal (push) and external (pull) factors (Hitt, Black, & Porter, 2012, p. 241). Managers must not only acknowledge these two factors, but they must learn how to optimize