Emotional Intelligence Paper
August 10, 2015
Emotional Intelligence Paper
When looking at the study of intelligence, since the research started, it has been focused on things like aspects like intellect, thinking, cognition, problem solving, and memory (Intelligence Quotient or IQ). Yet researchers also have started to understand that there are many other aspects like emotions, behaviors, and moods and that they are just as important (Emotional Quotient). Since this realization has become more of a reality emotional intelligence has now grown to be largely accepted and essential in understand a person and the way that they think and the way they act. This paper is going to talk about the differences between the traditional cognitive intelligence and emotional intelligence while also talking about the use people use emotional intelligence in their everyday life. Traditional Cognitive Intelligence and Emotional Intelligence Traditional Cognitive Intelligence which is also known as IQ, which is the ability to gain, understand, preserve, and recall knowledge for use in the future. The word intelligence suggests the use of thinking, reasoning, and problem solving. Cognitive intelligence does not reflect any emotions, feelings, or behavior. Yet there are many other portions of the brain those different characteristics of intelligence along with judgment are held. This is the cerebrum, specifically the frontal lobe that is responsible for learning along with intelligence and judgment. In the frontal lobe is where the control of creative thought, abstract thinking, problem solving, judgment, and intellect is done. According to Mayer, Salovey, and Caruso (2006) emotional intelligence is “the capacity of reason about emotions, and of emotions to enhance thinking. It also includes the abilities of accurately perceive emotions, to access and generate emotions so as to assist thought, to understand emotions and emotional knowledge, and reflectively regulate emotions so as to promote emotional and intellectual growth” (p.197). To better understand the definition, emotional intelligence has been put into five sections. The first is the understanding of a ones emotions or have self-awareness which is truly the heart of emotional intelligence. Being able to recognize your own feelings as they come up and have the ability to monitor those feelings is an major part of this step. The second step is to be able to control ones emotions which is also known as self-management and is also build off self-awareness. This is when a person and control their feelings as they act appropriate in different situations. The third is self-motivation, which is controlling our emotions to be able to reach a goal. The fourth is the ability is to identify the emotions of other people around them. This is also called empathy which is critical is people skills, because people want their emotions recognized, which also helps build a relationship that has trust and respect on both ends. Last is handling a relationship which is the ability to handle the emotions of other people. How well people are able to handle relationships could mean the difference a good or a bad relationship in all aspects of life when it comes to work, personal, or home life (Goldman, 2006). Like cognitive intelligence there are different parts of the brain that handles the different parts of emotions, but it is primarily handled in the limbic system. This is located in different parts of the brain, and in these parts of the brain is where it is recognized and helps manages the body’s reaction to different emotions. Emotional Intelligence in Work, Home, and Personal Life
Emotional intelligence plays a large role in all aspects of life, the workplace is no different. Riggio (2013) says “while academic or verbal intelligence (IQ) matters there are different forms of intelligence that are equally important to be successful in the work place”...
References: Goleman, D. (2006). Emotional intelligence: Why it can matter more than IQ (10th ed.).
New York, NY: Bantam Dell.
Mayer, J.D., Salovey, P., & Caruso, D. (2004). Emotional intelligence: Theory, findings, and
implications. Psychological inquiry, 15(3), 197-215. Retrieved from
Riggio, R.E. (2013). Psychology today. Retrieved from
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