The human desires of greed, wealth, and power have been embedded into the world's history as political figures have led invasions of other countries countless numbers of times. Whether invaded or being invaded, a country requires strong and capable leaders to see them through this difficult time. In 1588, Queen Elizabeth I of England gave a motivational speech to her troops using the rhetorical devices of diction, sentence structure and ethos, to motivate her subjects positively and to prevent the fear of the pending invasion in their hearts.
The queen uses patriotic diction, parallel sentence structure, and ethos in her effort to motivate her people to defend their country from their Spanish invaders. She uses diction to praise and motivate her subjects. The queen refers to her people as "faithful" and "loving," and praising their “loyalty". These positive words allow her troops to see her as a caring, kind leader whose praise urges them to fight for their country. She also uses the words "noble" and "worthy" to describe her people's task of protecting their country against invasion. The use of such praising words makes her people see the mission as important, and it will create a sense of duty in their hearts to protect their kingdom.
The queen also motivates her troops by using sentence structure. In the beginning of her speech, she says, "we have been persuaded." In the second half of her first sentence, she says, "I assure you I do not desire to live to distrust my faithful and loving people." Her use of "we" and then her transition to "I" symbolizes her transfer from the throne literally to speak to her troops on the field, figuratively by referring to herself as I. This will encourage the troops to see her as one of them and not just a queen. The queen also uses sentence structure when she says, "I myself will be your general, judge, and rewarder," and, "By your obedience…, by your concord…, your valour…”.
One last rhetoric...
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