Elements of Communication

Good Essays
Topics: Communication
Agenda: Week 1

1. Communication defined -senders, receivers, & communication channels -encoding, decoding messages -noise, & environmental message factors -human (symbolic) interaction

2. The communication settings we’ll cover this semester -intrapersonal -dyadic/interpersonal -small group -public communication -mass communication

Week 1: Elements of Communication

COMMUNICATION- The process of human beings responding to the symbolic behavior of other persons.

-First Characteristic of Definition: Communication is a “Process.”

Communication is “Process” several reasons:

1.We do not communicate to other people, we communicate with other people.

To understand difference, we first need to talk about the components of communication:
-Sender, Receiver…
-Message Encoding, Message Decoding…

-Psychological Noise, Physiological Noise

-Communication Channels,
-AND Communication Environment.

Sender-The person or persons responsible for creating a message to be sent.

Ex. A politician giving a speech…

A parent lecturing a child…

A divorced middle age women writing a love letter to her favorite soap opera star…

…All these people are sending messages.

Receiver- The person or persons who are receiving the created messages.

Ex. An audience receives the politician’s speech…

The unfortunate child is the recipient of the parents lecture…

The soap opera star is the lucky receiver of our divorcee’s romantic letter.

Communication Channel- The medium a receiver uses to send his or her message.

**Channels may be verbal or nonverbal**

Ex. Speech is a channel…

Writing is a channel…

Non-verbal gestures are channels…

Voice Tones are channels…And so on.

Encoding- When a sender attempts to replicate his or her internal thoughts or feelings into some kind of external message medium for the sake of transmitting those thoughts

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