When most people think of Egypt the first thing to come to mind is pyramids, mummies, camels and a sandy desert. There is much more to Egypt and its history then what people think. Historians know a lot more about the wealthy people of Egypt then about the ordinary people because the monuments were made for the rich and influential. The pyramids of Egypt represent these wealthy people and the leaders throughout their history, known as Pharaohs. Throughout Egypt’s history there was the rise of the Pharaohs, the building of pyramids, and the impact of hieroglyphs.
In 3100 B.C the Nile Valley and Delta joined to form the Nile. It was known as “The Gift of The Nile” because settlers were able to take advantage of the Nile’s annual floods. It turned into an especially productive Agricultural region that was capable of supporting a much larger population. It was “The Gift of The Nile” that made Egypt one of the richest and most powerful nations. Ancient Egypt was divided into Upper and Lower Egypt. Legendary conqueror, Menes, is responsible for the unification of Egypt. Menes is also the founder of Memphis, which was the cultural and political center of Egypt. Menes instituted the role of the Pharaoh. The Egyptian kings were called Pharaohs. They were absolute rulers and claimed to be a descent from the gods. (Factoidz.com, " Egypt and the Rise of Fall of the Pharaohs.") Some of the most influential Pharaohs were Tuthmosis III and his stepmother Hatshepsut. Hatshepsut was the first female Pharaoh and ruled in a time when women had more freedom then other ancient cultures. Hatshepsut married her half brother, Tuthmosis II, and had failed to have any male children so when Tuthmosis II passed, Hatshepsut co-ruled alongside her young stepson Tuthmosis III, being age ten at the time. Hatshepsut over did her role just as co-ruler and declared herself King. She disguised herself as a man, wearing false beards and male clothing. Tuthmosis III stood behind Hatshepsut most of...
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