Egans Theory

Topics: Goal Pages: 6 (1877 words) Published: October 2, 2011
This is a 3-stage model or framework offered by Egan as useful in helping people solve problems and develop opportunities. The goals of using the model are to help people 'to manage their problems in living more effectively and develop unused opportunities more fully', and to 'help people become better at helping themselves in their everyday lives.' (Egan G., 'The Skilled Helper', 1998, p7-8). Thus there is an emphasis on empowerment. Also the person s own agenda is central, and the model seeks to move the person towards action leading to outcomes which they choose and value. This model is not based on a particular theory of personality development, nor on a theory of the ways difficulties develop. It is a framework for conceptualising the helping process, and is best used in working on issues in the recent past and the present. As with any model, it provides a map, which can be used in exploring, but which is not the territory itself. The Egan model and mentoring are not synonymous; the model can be used in many kinds of helping relationships, and mentoring/co-mentoring can be done using other models, (or none!). The model can and should be used flexibly. The model works best if attention is paid to Rogers' 'core conditions', the helpers approach to the speaker being based on genuineness, respect, and empathy, and if principles of good active listening are remembered throughout. The Egan model aims to help the speaker address 3 main questions: 1. 'What is going on?'

2. 'What do I want instead?'
3. 'How might I get to what I want?'
Not everyone needs to address all 3 questions, and at times people may move back into previously answered ones. For simplicity, we'll look at the model sequentially. However, the skilled helper will work with the speaker in all or any of the stages, and move back and forward, as appropriate. Diagram of the Model

STAGE 1| | STAGE 2| | STAGE 3|
Current Scenario|  | Preferred Scenario|  | Action Strategies| 1a - The story (What's going on?)|  | 2a - Possibilities (Ideally ,what do I want instead?)|  | 3a - Possible actions (How many ways are there?)| |  | |  | |

1b - Blind spots (What's really going on?)|  | 2b - Change Agenda (SMART goals)|  | 3b - Best fit strategies (What will work for me?)| |  | |  | |
1c - Leverage (Focussing/prioritising)|  | 2c - Commitment (Check goals are right)|  | 3c - Plan (What next and when?)| Action Leading to Valued Outcomes|
In the diagram of the whole model 
* Top row: la, 2a, 3a expansive, exploratory and creative  * Middle row: 1b, 2b, 3b.... challenging, reality testing, and selecting  * Bottom row: 1c, 2c, 3c.... focussing, committing, moving forward Remember, it's ok to go back to previous stages when appropriate; the arrows don't have to be followed slavishly! STAGE 1 - What's going on?

Stage 1 is about providing a safe place for the speaker to tell their story in their own way, and to be fully heard and acknowledged. It is about a space where a person can hear and understand their own story. It is also about gently helping them lift their head to see the wider picture and other perspectives, and to find a point from which to go forward with hope. 1a - an expansive part

The helper encourages the speaker to tell their story, and by using good active listening skills and demonstrating the core conditions, helps them to explore and unfold the tale, and to reflect. For some, this is enough, for others it is just the beginning. " you summarised what I said, all the jumble began to make sense." Skills in Stage 1a:- active listening, reflecting, paraphrasing, checking understanding, open questions, summarising. Useful Questions: How do/did you feel about that? What are/were you thinking? What is/was that like for you? Keep them open! What else is there about that? 1b - a challenging part

Since they are in the situation, it can be difficult for the person speaking to see it...
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