Effects of Alcohol

Topics: Alcoholism, Alcoholic beverage, Drinking culture Pages: 3 (834 words) Published: November 3, 2013
There are many opinions that have been put across regarding alcohol consumption. Some are biased while others are based on either prejudice or beliefs. However the truth is that alcohol has its own merits and demerits.

Every drinker has already at least some of the short term alcohol effects like a hangover or a bad night’s sleep. Long term effects are usually experienced when it is quite late. Heavy drinking results to a staggering walk, indistinct words and memory lapses. Upon drinking, one develops difficulties with their stability, judgement and harmonisation. One usually takes a gradual reaction to stimuli, a reason why drinking poses danger to driving. This is a result of the way alcohol alters the functionality of the central nervous system.

Alcohol changes the neurotransmitters’ levels that are responsible for the transportation of signals that regulate the thought progressions behaviour and sentiments. They are either excitatory or inhibitory. Alcohol therefore the GABA effects hence resulting to the sluggish locomotion and garbled speech witnessed among alcoholics. It also constrains glutamate which is an excitatory neurotransmitter hence causing a functional deceleration. Increase in GABA reduces glutamate in the brain while alcohol intensifies the chemical dopamine levels in the brain’s reward hub hence forming the pleasurable feeling that drinkers usually experience.

There are many short term effects associated with alcohol. Among the above stated, others include; drowsiness, throwing up, diarrhoea, upset stomach, headaches, breathing complications, miscalculated judgement, Anaemia, oblivion and many more.

Some of the long term alcohol effects include; accidental injuries in various environments e.g. car crashes and drowning, productivity reduction at work places, family glitches and fragmented relationships. Others include alcohol poisoning, heart associated illnesses, liver cirrhosis and sexual complications. Nutrition problems and ulcers...
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