Effect of Heavy Metal- Lead Nitrate; on Germination, Early Growth & Sdh Activity of Mustard & Mung Bean”

Better Essays
“Effect of Heavy Metal- Lead Nitrate; on Germination, Early Growth & SDH activity of Mustard & Mung Bean”

By:
Reuben David

Department of Biotechnology
Loyola Academy Degree & P.G. College
Accredited with the ‘A’ Grade by the NAAC
A College with Potential for Excellence by UGC
Affiliated with Osmania University
Old Alwal, Secunderabad-10

2009

“Effect of Heavy Metal- Lead Nitrate; on Germination, Early Growth & SDH activity of Mustard & Mung Bean”

By:
Reuben David (06-1821)

Submitted in partial fulfillment for the award of a Degree in
B.Sc. Biotechnology

Department of Biotechnology
Loyola Academy Degree & P.G. College
Accredited with the ‘A’ Grade by the NAAC
A College with “Potential for Excellence” by UGC
Affiliated with Osmania University
Old Alwal, Secunderabad-10

March 2009

Project Work Done At:

Centre for Biotechnology
Institute of Science & Technology
Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University
Kukatpally, Hyderabad - 500 085

“Trust in the Lord with all your heart, and lean not upon your own understanding. In all your ways acknowledge Him and He will direct your paths.”
-The Holy Bible
Proverbs Chapter 3 Verses 5-6

“The only way of finding the limits of the possible is by going beyond them into the impossible.”

-Sir Arthur C. Clarke

CERTIFICATES

DEGREE & P.G. COLLEGE (AUTONOMOUS)
ALWAL, SECUNDERABAD – 500010.
Accredited with the A Grade by the NAAC & “College with Potential for Excellence” By UGC Phone numbers: 040-27862044 040-27862363
DEPARTMENT OF BIOTECHNOLOGY

CERTIFICATE

This is to certify that the project report titled “Effect of Heavy Metal- Lead Nitrate; on Germination, Early Growth & SDH activity in Mustard & Mung Bean”, by Reuben David has



References: 1. Bioaccumulation 4 2. Emissions of selected heavy metals to the atmosphere in Europe at the beginning of the 1990s Numbers under the columns are emissions in tonnes per year (AMAP, 2002) 3. The relative importance of different branches of industry in discharges of Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn to the aquatic environment from major point sources in the European Community (AMAP, 2002) 10 4. Global emissions of trace metals to the atmosphere from natural sources Numbers under the columns are the range of estimates of the emissions in thousands of tonnes per year (AMAP, 2002) 12 5. Global emissions of trace metals to the atmosphere at the beginning of the 1980s from anthropogenic sources (AMAP,2002) 12 6. Comparison of global emissions of trace metals to the atmosphere from natural and anthropogenic sources in 1983 Numbers under the columns are the median values of estimates of total emissions in thousands of tonnes per year (AMAP, 2002) 13 7. Physical appearance and chemical formula of lead nitrate 15 8. Global emissions of Pb to the atmosphere from various sources and source regions in 1989 Numbers under the columns are maximum estimates of the total emissions in tonnes (AMAP, 2002)

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Satisfactory Essays

    Summary of Findings 1. Music affects the growth of Mung beans. As established in the experiment and based on the data gathered, music has a great effect on the growth of Mung beans. The varying degree of effect is dependent on the type or tempo of music to be played. 2. In general, music helps in the growth of plants. It hastens the growth of plants. As we conducted and observed our experiment, we noticed that classical music helps the Mung beans' growth. Plants exposed to rock music grew slower…

    • 336 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Effect of Salt Solution on Mung Bean Growth Hypothesis: If the Mung Beans are watered with a higher salt solution, then less Mung Beans will sprout. John Murrell 9-18-12 Magnet Biology Introduction This experiment was done to test the effect of salt solution on mung bean growth. Generally when you grow mung beans you soak them in water for eight to twelve hours and then put them in a separate container to sprout. Since this experiment was not monitored every hour, and had limited…

    • 723 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    ‘Study of the Effect of Lead (heavy metal) on the Growth of Brasicca juncea’ Neha Haresh Ruchandani and D.Meena.S.Rao* Dept. Of Botany, R. K. T. College, Ulhasnagar *Dept. Of Botany, R. K. T. College, Ulhasnagar A major environmental concern due to dispersal of industrial and urban wastes generated by human activities is the contamination of soil. Controlled and uncontrolled disposal of waste, accidental and process spillage, mining and smelting of metalliferous ores, sewage sludge application…

    • 3193 Words
    • 13 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Better Essays

    The effects of pH on mung beans Gloria Cheng Winsy Cheung Lily Wong Christine Yen January 15, 1998 Abstract This experiment explores how different pH environments affect the growth of mung beans. The mung beans were grown in water with various pH levels, consisted of pH levels 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9. A replicated design was used consisting of 3 runs for each pH level. The following results are listed in order of pH levels allowing most growth to least growth of the mung beans: 7, 8, 6, 5, and 9. These…

    • 1464 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Mung Beans

    • 1243 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Seeds of Mung bean, wheat, and silver beet were tested in environments of differing salinities to note down if high salinity environments were worse for the seeds. It was found that generally lower concentrations were better for germination then higher concentrations. Despite this, the hypothesis was not completely supported as in wheat and silver beet the second concentration had a higher rate of germination than the control and in all instances the highest concentration had a higher germination rate…

    • 1243 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Turrecha PROPOSAL I. PROBLEM What is the role of sunlight on the germination of Vigna radiata (Mung bean) seed? II. TITLE The role of sunlight on the germination of Vigna radiata seed. III. RATIONALE The germination of the seed is a physiological event. The light is one of the most important environmental factors for germination of seeds. The seeds of many species do not germinate in the dark. Vigna radiata seed or Mung bean seed as it commonly called will be used for the study since it can…

    • 783 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Better Essays

    Fertilizer and Mung Beans

    • 3092 Words
    • 13 Pages

    EFFECT OF VERMICOMPOST ON THE GROWTH OF MUNG BEANS (Vigna radiata) Table of Contents Abstract Table of Contents Chapter I - Introduction a. Background of the Study b. Statement of the Problem c. Statement of the Hypothesis d. Significance of the Study e. Scope and Limitations of the Study f. Definition of Terms Chapter II - Review of Related Literature a. Related Studies b. Conceptual Framework Chapter III - Methodology a. Materials b. Methods/Procedure Chapter IV -…

    • 3092 Words
    • 13 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Mung Bean Experiment

    • 1564 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Measuring the Effect of Density on Growth of Mung Bean (Vigna radiata) Plants Wylliam Wagoner1 1 Population and Community Ecology, Butler University, Indianapolis, Indiana 46208, USA ABSTRACT For this experiment, we set out to find if density and time had an effect on growth of mung bean plants. We decided to test evidence of growth by measuring plant biomass. We measured the biomass each week for four weeks of plants grown at different densities. We found that density had an overall effect on plant…

    • 1564 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Germination and Beans

    • 326 Words
    • 2 Pages

    about bean germination: * The time to germination will decrease if you soak the beans overnight * It may take 7-10 days for the beans to ‘sprout’ * Make sure the paper towels remain moist for the duration of your experiment | | | | | | | | | | Procedure 1. Think of 10-20 variables that may affect seed germination, recording them in Table 3. 2. From your list of variables in Table 3, select three to test. Form a hypothesis for why each affects seed germination.…

    • 326 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    The Mung Bean Production

    • 873 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Sprouts Put 1/3 - 1/2 Cup of seed* into a bowl or Sprouter. Note: Mung Beans are grown in China by farmers - often with little machinery. After harvest they are left to dry on gravel roads - so they are dusty. So: Prep before Soaking, by running water through them until the exiting water runs clear. It doesn't take long - they aren't very dirty nowadays. Is that not cool?! The dust/dirt you just washed off of your Mungs was part of a Chinese road!!! Add 2-3 times as much cool (70°) water…

    • 873 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays