Different approaches to modelling as a form of counselling training, and their relative effectiveness

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Different approaches to modelling as a form of counselling training, and their relative effectiveness

Modelling is a valuable tool for observing the necessary skills required of a counselor. This tool may take different forms:

- observation of counselors in real-life situations
- role-play
- demonstration
- video

Throughout their training, trainee counselors may be exposed to various influences from other counselors. Each counselor needs to adapt their skills to the counseling setting, to develop their own genuine style.

Trainee counselors and trainers in counseling training programs are expected to be committed to the social values of respect for diversity, inclusion, and equity. They are also expected to be committed to critical thinking and the process of self-examination of their own attitudes, assumptions, behaviors and values. They are expected to learn to work effectively with cultural, individual, and role differences, as well as to acquire and utilize professionally relevant knowledge and skills regardless of their beliefs, attitudes, and values.

Counselors may model appropriate self-disclosure and introspection with their trainees. This may include discussions about real life experiences, attitudes, beliefs, opinions, feelings, and personal histories.

Role plays allow trainees to apply new knowledge and skills in situations that simulate those they encounter at work, which helps facilitate transfer of learning to the workplace for improved on-the-job performance. Unlike case studies, in which trainees carefully analyze a situation before responding, role plays require trainees to react to situations in the moment when applying information and procedures they have learned.

Role plays also help facilitate transfer of learning by giving trainees opportunities to practice in a safe, non-threatening environment where it is permissible to make mistakes, work in small groups and observe the facilitator or an experienced trainee

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