Diabetes a Hereditary Disease.

Topics: Insulin, Diabetes mellitus, Diabetes mellitus type 2 Pages: 2 (661 words) Published: November 26, 2008
Diabetes, a hereditary disease.
Is diabetes a hereditary disease? For many decades, researchers have been looking for the answer to this question. Studies have shown that diabetes does run in the family. If you get diabetes as a child or later in life, you still had to have some genes that predisposed you to it. Studies have shown that even though this disease is hereditary, there are many causes of diabetes. There are two kinds of diabetes, each that is caused by different genes. Diabetes is a disease in which the body loses its ability to regulate the amount of glucose (sugar) in the blood. Glucose serves as food for the cells of your body. Without the ability to maintain a constant supply of glucose, organs, which include the brain, become deprived. The regulator of the amount of glucose in the blood is the hormone insulin. People with diabetes have to externally monitor the amount of glucose in their blood, and must daily regulate it by injecting themselves with insulin. There are two types of diabetes, one that starts when people are young and the other that starts when people are older, usually over 40. One in ten people will develop this type of diabetes at some point in their lives. There are many theories as to why people get diabetes. Unlike what some people may think, diabetes can not be caught like a cold. People can, however, inherit a tendency for the disease but no one can inherit the disease itself. A study was conducted of identical twins where it was revealed that diabetes is, in part, hereditary. If one identical twin becomes diabetic, it is more than likely that the other twin will develop this disease. Even though this is true for some twins, it must be noted that this is not true for all. This indicates that there are also non-hereditary factors involved in diabetes. For example, exposure to certain viruses may put people at higher risk for young onset diabetes and being overweight increases the risk of older onset...
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