Step 2 Define Goals and Objectives
Overview: “What are goals and objectives?”
Goals are general guidelines that explain what you want to achieve in your community. They are usually long-term and represent global visions such as “protect public health and safety.” Objectives define strategies or implementation steps to attain the identified goals. Unlike goals, objectives are specific, measurable, and have a defined completion date. They are more specific and outline the “who, what, when, where, and how” of reaching the goals.
Where are we now?
Step 1: Step 2: Step 3: Step 4: Step 5: Step 6: Step 7: Step 8: Step 9: Identify hazards and risks Define goals and objectives Identify alternatives for solving problems Select evaluation criteria Select feasible mitigation strategies Prepare a draft plan Prepare final plan Implement plan Monitor and periodically revise plan
“Why do we need to identify goals and objectives?”
Plans and actions based on clear goals and objectives are more likely to succeed in meeting the community’s needs.
Vassar, Michigan 1998/99 Mitigation Planning Initiative
Goals ü ü ü
Reduce flood losses. Improve response and recovery. Enhance community confidence.
Objectives ü Establish on-going floodway acquisition & land-use program. ü Rezone floodway to reflect current uses. ü Develop a written Flood Response & Recovery Plan. Accomplishments (Mitigation Strategies Being Implemented) ü A floodway is being converted to a riverside park and recreation area. ü Homes in the flood fringe are being raised above the 100 year elevation. ü Remaining homes in the floodway are being removed. ü Community spirit has been renewed.
Typical goals might include, but are not limited to, the following: • Minimize damage to public and private property • Maintain essential public services • Provide adequate warning time to residents in affected areas • Promote economic development • Manage growth/development • Acquire open space and park land • Preserve housing stock • Maintain a positive community image Goals will not be achieved if they exist in a vacuum or compete with other community goals. Hazard mitigation has a far greater chance for success when its goals are effectively integrated into other community goals. Combining goals in this manner can lead to a “win-win” situation where everyone benefits. A mitigation component may “tip the scale” to allow a marginal but beneficial project to move forward. Objectives are developed to help achieve goals by dividing them into manageable components. For example, “eliminate flood damage” would be a goal. A supporting objective could be “adopt a zoning ordinance prohibiting new development in the floodplain.” This objective establishes a policy that prohibits building in an area vulnerable to a natural hazard. Successful completion of multiple objectives is needed for each individual goal. Some objectives may themselves have components that can be expressed as "action steps," but it is vital to eventually identify in the plan all the details that will guide and encourage concrete actions to be taken.
Prioritizing goals and objectives
Once you have identified the goals and objectives, prioritize them so local officials can better focus their attention on developing alternatives.
Developing clear goals and objectives will help your community clarify problems, issues and opportunities in hazard mitigation as well as other areas. Well-articulated goals and objectives are more likely to succeed. An important part of developing goals and objectives is raising community awareness of the relationship between community development practices and the community’s level of hazard vulnerability and risk. Also, raising citizen awareness can help gain support for ongoing mitigation planning efforts.
Identify Alternatives for Solving Problems
Often, there are different ways that objectives can be met, each of...
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