2.3. Explain how theories of development and frameworks to support development influence current practice
Social Learning theory
The man behind the theory was Albert Bandura he believed that, There are many avenues to learning, but one of the most direct, is simple observation. children learn best by example, whether it's a toddler imitating their mother talking on the phone or a high schooler picking up new slang words from his friends. Social learning theory holds that people learn by observing the examples of those around them, both good and bad. Many behaviors, good and bad, can be learned through modeling.(copying) Parents and teachers can take advantage of social learning theory by providing children or young people with examples of desired behaviors.examples of behaviors that can be learned in current practice through modeling are reading, demonstrations of math problems, and even bravery or courtesy. Moral thinking is also influenced by observation and modeling. children and young people learn how to choose between right and wrong by watching adults make these decisions.
PIAGET – Cognitive Development
Jean Piaget’s theory was that children learn through experience and how they change their perception of things based on what they have learned or experienced. He believed that children have 4 stages of development. Sensorimotor, pre-operational, concrete operational & formal operational. He also believed that children are actively involved in their own learning.Piaget came to the conclusion that children were not less intelligent than adults, they simply think differently. Example in current setting are during the art week the children have been painting. They can work out that although they only have a couple of the colours they can mix them up to create different colours.They also learn through experience using role play and real scenarios. In the school role play areas are set up for the children to explore and use in the setting. They in turn can learn to socilaise with others and how they react to the role play that is themed. Children are encouraged to work together and play together and it teaches them how to share and take turns and when observed the teacher can see what areas the children are developing in socially and emotionally and academically.
Maslow believed that everyone has fundamental needs that must be met in order for each person to reach their full potential. These needs include warmth, food and shelter as well as demonstrations of love and having their confidence and self-esteem boosted. Humanism concentrates upon the development of the child's self-concept. If the child feels good about him or herself then that is a positive start. Feeling good about oneself would involve an understanding of ones' strengths and weaknesses, and a belief in one's ability to improve. Learning is a progress towards the pinnacle of self-development, which Maslow terms 'Self-actualisation'. A child learns because he or she is inwardly driven, and derives his or her reward from the sense of achievement that having learned something affords.In humanistic approach, education is really about creating a need within the child, or instilling within the child self-motivation.Humanism would therefore be seen as about rewarding yourself. In current practise, the teacher's effort is put into developing a child's self-esteem. It would be important for children to feel good about themselves (high self-esteem), and to feel that they can set and achieve appropriate goals (high self-efficacy). This form of education is known as child-centred, and is typified by the child taking responsibility for their education and owning their learning. In a School setting we can achieve these needs by caring for the children and ensuring that the setting is kept at a comfortable temperature, by providing a healthy and nutritious snack for them and we make the hall as welcoming and clean as possible....
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