Cultural Heritage of Bangladesh
Bangladesh is a melting pot of races. She, therefore, has a mixed culture. Her deep rooted heritage is amply reflected in her architecture, literature, dance, drama, music and painting. Bangladeshi culture is influenced by three great religions- Hinduism, Buddhism and Islam in successive order, with Islam having the most pervading and lasting impact. Like a colorful montage, the cultural tradition of the country is a happy blending of many variants, unique in diversity but in essence greatly symmetrical.
1.1 CULTURAL HERITAGE DEFINITION:
Cultural heritage covers the diverse manifestations of human intellectual and artistic creativity, past and present, i.e. both the cultural heritage and living forms of cultural expression. Together with the persons and institutions responsible for their transmission and renewal, these constitute the 'cultural sector'. It refers to the concept of 'sustainable communities' in which the economic activities will protect and enhance the human, cultural and natural resources that will be needed in the future.
2. Main body:
There are certain peculiar traits in the religious and cultural life of the Bengali people which have marked them out as distinct nation. The Bengalis have drawn more by the inner spirit of the religion then by its outwards forma or external rituals. Some of the elements or features of Bengali culture are discussed here.
A series of festival varying from race to race are observed here. Some of the Muslim rites are Eid-e-Miladunnabi, Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid-ul-Azha, Muharram etc. Hindus observe Durga Puja, Saraswati Puja, Kali Puja and many other pujas. Christmas ( popularly called Baradin in Bangla ) is observed by Christians. Also there are some common festivities, which are observed countrywide by people irrespective of races. Pahela Baishakh (the first day of Bangla year) is such a festival. National festivals are Independence Day (26th March), 21st February (the National Mourning Day and World Mother Language Day), The Victory Day (16th December), Rabindra & Nazrul Jayanti etc.
| Rabindranath Tagore |
Bangalees have a rich literary heritage. The earliest available specimen of Bengali literature is about a thousand years old. During the mediaeval period. Bengali Literature developed considerably with the patronage of Muslim rulers. Chandi Das, Daulat Kazi and Alaol are some of the famous poets of the period. The era of modern Bengali Literature began in the late nineteenth century Rabindranath Tagore, the Nobel Laureate is a vital part of Bangalee culture. Kazi Nazrul Islam, Michael Madhusudan Datta. Sarat Chandra Chattopadhaya, Bankim Chandra Chattopadhaya, Mir Mosharraf Hossain and Kazi Ahdul Wadud are the pioneers of modern Bengali Literature. 2.3 Music:
The traditional music in Bangladesh shares the perspectives of that of the Indian sub-continent. Music in Bangladesh can be divided into three distinct categories -classical, folk and modern. The classical music, both vocal and instrumental is rooted in the remote past of the sub-continent. Ustad Alauddin Khan and Ustad Ayet Ali Khan are two names in classical instrumental music who are internationally known. The store of folk song abounds in spiritual arena is enriched with Jari, Shari, Bhatiali, Murshidi and other types of folk songs. Rabindra Sangeet and Nazrul Sangeet are Bangalees' precious heritage. Modern music is also practiced widely. Contemporary patterns have more inclinations to west. Pop song and band groups are also coming up mainly in Dhaka City. Musical instrument
Bangladesh has a good number of musical instruments originally of her own. Originally country musical instruments include, Banshi (bamboo flute), Dhole (wooden drums), Ektara (a single stringed instrument), Dotara (a four stringed instrument),...
References: Abul Ahad, 1989, Asa Yawr Pather Dhare, Dhaka, Bangla Academy
Akman, Afroza, 2005, Cultural Heritage in Bangladesh: Present State of Protection. A country paper on Bangladesh presented in Bangkok..
Battacharaya, A. 1988, Bangla Mongol Kabber Itihas, Kolkata.
Chowdhury, Abdul Momin. 2003, Cultural Heritage on Bangladesh in Banglapedia.
Department of Culture & Heritage Policy Document (Draft) 2000
Fiji 's Strategic Development Plan 2002-2004
Ray, N.R. 1980, Bangaleer Ethics, Vol. 1, 3rd Edn. Kolkata.
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